Leptoptilos

Leptoptilos is a genus of very large tropical storks. Two species are resident breeders in southern Asia, and the Marabou Stork is found in sub-Saharan Africa.

These are huge birds, typically 110–150 cm tall with a 210–250 cm wingspan. The three species each have a black upper body and wings, and white belly and undertail. The head and neck are bare like those of a vulture. The huge bill is long and thick. Juveniles are a duller, browner version of the adult.

Leptoptilos storks are gregarious colonial breeders in wetlands, building large stick nests in trees. They feed on frogs, insects, young birds, lizards and rodents. They are frequent scavengers, and the naked head and neck are adaptations to this, as are those of the vultures with which they often feed. A feathered head would become rapidly clotted with blood and other substances when a scavenging bird's head was inside a large corpse, and the bare head is easier to keep clean.

Most storks fly with neck outstretched, but the three Leptoptilos storks retract their necks in flight like a heron.

Read more about Leptoptilos:  Species

Other articles related to "leptoptilos":

Leptoptilos - Species
... Lesser Adjutant, Leptoptilos javanicus Greater Adjutant, Leptoptilos dubius Marabou Stork, Leptoptilos crumeniferus There is an ample fossil record of this genus ... of the most widespread storks worldwide during the Pliocene †Leptoptilos falconeri (Early to Late Pliocene of S Asia and E Africa) †Leptoptilos indicus (Late Pliocene of. 2005) †Leptoptilus patagonicus (Puerto Madryn Late Miocene of Valdés Peninsula, Argentina) †Leptoptilos pliocenicus (Early Pliocene of Odessa, Ukraine and Urugus, Ethiopia to Late ...
Systematics - Living Storks
... senegalensis Genus Jabiru Jabiru, Jabiru mycteria Genus Leptoptilos Lesser Adjutant, Leptoptilos javanicus Greater Adjutant, Leptoptilos dubius Marabou Stork, Leptoptilos ...
Sibley-Monroe Checklist 9 - Ciconiiformes (continued) - Ciconiidae
... Stork Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis Saddle-billed Stork Jabiru mycteria Jabiru Leptoptilos javanicus Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos crumeniferus Marabou Stork Leptoptilos dubius Greater Adjutant ...