The League Championship Series (LCS) is the official name for a round of postseason play in Major League Baseball which has been conducted since 1969. In 1981, and since 1995, the two annual series have matched up the winners of the Division Series, and the winners advance to meet in the World Series.
The League Championship Series was promulgated in 1969, when both the National League and the American League increased in size from ten teams to twelve with the addition, via expansion, of the Montreal Expos and San Diego Padres to the former and the Kansas City Royals and Seattle Pilots (now the Milwaukee Brewers of the NL) to the latter. Concomitant with this, both leagues formed Eastern and Western Divisions, the first-place teams from which faced off in the LCS.
Originally, the League Championship Series were best-of-five, but were lengthened to best-of-seven in 1985. Since 1995 the LCS has matched up the winners of the Division Series, which were added when both leagues realigned into three divisions, the winners thereof plus one wild card team in each league participating in the latter series, which is a best-of-five (this change was actually supposed to take place in 1994, but postseason play was not held in that year due to a players' strike).
Until 1998, the home-field advantage in the LCS was allocated on a rotating basis between the two (and from 1995 through 1997, among the three) division champions; since 1998 the team with the better record has had this advantage, except that in no case can the wild card ever secure the extra home game, regardless of regular-season records. The LCS is formatted 2-3-2, with the team holding home-field advantage opening the series at home and playing the next three games on the road, before returning home for two more possible games.
Every MLB team has appeared in an LCS at least once.
Other articles related to "league, league championship series, series":
... Under the initial agreement with ABC, NBC, and Major League Baseball (1976-1979), both networks paid $92.8 million ... night games in 1976, 18 in the next three years, plus half the postseason (the League Championship Series in even numbered years and World Series in odd numbered years) ... of the Week and the other half of the postseason (the League Championship Series in odd numbered years and World Series in even numbered years) ...
... The second round of the Major League Baseball post-season is known as the League Championship Series ... This series has a best-of-seven playoff format, and currently follows the Division Series, in which the three division champions and one wild card team ... The winners of the National League Championship Series and the American League Championship Series advance to the World Series ...
... Season Team Overall Conference Standing Postseason Princeton (Ivy League) 1998 Princeton 25-14 13-7 1st Ivy League Championship Series 1999 Princeton 25-20 15-5 1st Ivy ...
... The Major League Baseball postseason is an elimination tournament held after the conclusion of the MLB regular season ... As of 2012, the playoffs for each league—American and National—consist of a one-game wild-card playoff between two wild card teams two best-of-five ... The winners of the American League Championship Series and the National League Championship Series face each other in the best-of-seven World Series ...
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