Latin - Phonology

Phonology

No inherited verbal knowledge of the ancient pronunciation of Latin exists. It must be reconstructed. Among the data used for reconstruction listed by Allen are explicit statements by ancient authors, especially grammarians, about the pronunciation of a word, puns, ancient etymologies, Latin words stated in other languages, and so on.

As with any language, pronunciation varied according to historical period. Standard practice in Latin education is to teach the pronunciation of classical Latin first. Most Latinists know the opening words of De Bello Gallico, Gallia est omnis divisa in partes tres ... and know that divisa is nowadays most often pronounced as "diwisa". It makes little difference whether the refrain of Oh come all ye faithful is sung as "venite, venite" or "wenite, wenite", although the first is more appropriate to the period. Period differences are generally taught with the works of their authors; however, the classical pronunciation is always generally acceptable.

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Other articles related to "phonology":

Obligatory Contour Principle - History
... In autosegmental phonology (Goldsmith 1976), with articulated conceptions about associations between featural melodies and skeletal units (i.e ... CV phonology, see McCarthy 1979, McCarthy 1981, Steriade 1982, Clements Keyser 1983), moraic phonology (Hyman 1985, Hayes 1989), the OCP was considered to be relevant to adjacent singly linked melodies ...
Historical Chinese Phonology
... Historical Chinese phonology deals with reconstructing the sounds of Chinese from the past ... logographic characters, not alphabetic or syllabary, the methods employed in Historical Chinese phonology differ considerably from those employed in, for example, Indo-European linguistics ... since the writing is mostly with logographic characters, which do not directly specify the phonology of the language, reconstruction is in general quite difficult, and depends to ...
Other Topics in Phonology
... to the minimal units that can serve the purpose of differentiating meaning (the phonemes), phonology studies how sounds alternate, i.e ... Phonology also includes topics such as phonotactics (the phonological constraints on what sounds can appear in what positions in a given language) and phonological ...
Retroflex Lateral Approximant - Occurrence
... See Marathi phonology Norwegian farlig 'dangerous' Eastern and central dialects ... See Norwegian phonology ... Swedish sorl 'murmur' (noun) See Swedish phonology ...
Gǀui Dialect - Phonology - Vowels
... Only the five modal vowels a e i o u occur in monomoraic (CV or V) roots, which except for the noun χò 'thing, place, case' are all grammatical morphemes ... These are reduced to three nasal vowels ã ẽ õ after nasal consonants, including the glottalized nasal clicks ...