Lactone

In chemistry, a lactone is a cyclic ester which can be seen as the condensation product of an alcohol group -OH and a carboxylic acid group -COOH in the same molecule. It is characterized by a closed ring consisting of two or more carbon atoms, and a single endocyclic oxygen coupled with an adjacent ketone (typical ester type functional group).

Read more about Lactone:  Nomenclature, Etymology, Natural Sources, Synthesis, Reactions, Examples

Other articles related to "lactone":

Autoinducers in Gram-negative Bacteria - Pseudomonas Aeruginosa: Virulence & Antibiotic Production
... LasR binds N-(3-oxododecanoyl)-homoserine lactone ... the expression of RhlR which then binds its autoinducer, N-(butryl)-homoserine lactone ... Interestingly, N-(3-oxododecanoyl)-homoserine lactone prevents binding between N-(butryl)-homoserine lactone and its cognate regulator, RhlR ...
D-arabinono-1,4-lactone Oxidase
... In enzymology, a D-arabinono-1,4-lactone oxidase (EC 1.1.3.37) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction D-arabinono-1,4-lactone + O2 D-erythro-ascorbate + H2O2 Thus, the two ...
L-arabinonolactonase
... EC 3.1.1.15) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-arabinono-1,4-lactone + H2O L-arabinonate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are L-arabinono-1,4-lactone ... name of this enzyme class is L-arabinono-1,4-lactone lactonohydrolase ...
L-rhamnono-1,4-lactonase
... an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-rhamnono-1,4-lactone + H2O L-rhamnonate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are L-rhamnono-1,4-lactone and H2O, whereas its product is L-rhamnona ... systematic name of this enzyme class is L-rhamnono-1,4-lactone lactonohydrolase ...
Limonin-D-ring-lactonase
... the chemical reaction limonoate D-ring-lactone + H2O limonoate Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are limonoate D-ring-lactone and H2O, whereas its product is limonoate ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is limonoate-D-ring-lactone lactonohydrolase ... Other names in common use include limonin-D-ring-lactone hydrolase, and limonin lactone hydrolase ...