**Theory**

Protocols for centrifugation typically specify the amount of acceleration to be applied to the sample, rather than specifying a rotational speed such as revolutions per minute. The acceleration is often quoted in multiples of g, the acceleration due to gravity at the Earth's surface. This distinction is important because two rotors with different diameters running at the same rotational speed will subject samples to different accelerations.

The acceleration can be calculated as the product of the radius and the square of the angular velocity.

Relative centrifugal force (RCF) is the measurement of the force applied to a sample within a centrifuge. This can be calculated from the speed (RPM) and the rotational radius (cm) using the following calculation.

- g = RCF = 0.00001118 ×
*r*×*N*2

where:

*g*= Relative centrifuge force*r*= rotational radius (centimetre, cm)*N*= rotating speed (revolutions per minute, r/min)

To avoid having to perform a mathematical calculation every time, one can find nomograms for converting RCF to rpm for a rotor of a given radius. A ruler or other straight edge lined up with the radius on one scale, and the desired RCF on another scale, will point at the correct rpm on the third scale. Example Based on automatic rotor recognition, up to date centrifuges have a button for automatic conversion from RCF to rpm and vice versa.

Read more about this topic: Laboratory Centrifuge

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### Famous quotes containing the word theory:

“Lucretius

Sings his great *theory* of natural origins and of wise conduct; Plato

smiling carves dreams, bright cells

Of incorruptible wax to hive the Greek honey.”

—Robinson Jeffers (1887–1962)

“Everything to which we concede existence is a posit from the standpoint of a description of the *theory*-building process, and simultaneously real from the standpoint of the *theory* that is being built. Nor let us look down on the standpoint of the *theory* as make-believe; for we can never do better than occupy the standpoint of some *theory* or other, the best we can muster at the time.”

—Willard Van Orman Quine (b. 1908)

“In the *theory* of gender I began from zero. There is no masculine power or privilege I did not covet. But slowly, step by step, decade by decade, I was forced to acknowledge that even a woman of abnormal will cannot escape her hormonal identity.”

—Camille Paglia (b. 1947)