Labialization - Types of Labialization

Types of Labialization

Out of 706 language inventories surveyed by Ruhlen (1976), labialization occurred most often with velar (42%) and uvular (15%) segments and least often with dental and alveolar segments. With non-dorsal consonants, labialization may include velarization as well. Labialization is not restricted to lip-rounding. The following articulations have either been described as labialization, or been found as allophonic realizations of prototypical labialization:

  • Labial rounding, with or without protrusion of the lips (found in Navajo)
  • Labiodental frication, found in Abkhaz
  • Bilabial frication, found in Ubykh
  • Bilabial trill, found in Ubykh
  • Bilabial plosion, found in Ubykh
  • "Labialization" (/w/, /ɡʷ/, and /kʷ/) without noticeable rounding (protrusion) of the lips, found in the Iroquoian languages. It may be that they are compressed.
  • Rounding without velarization, found in Shona and in the Bzyb dialect of Abkhaz.

Eastern Arrernte has labialization at all places and manners of articulation; this derives historically from adjacent rounded vowels, as is also the case of the Northwest Caucasian languages. Marshallese also has labialization at all places of articulation except for coronal obstruents.

Read more about this topic:  Labialization

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