Khwarshi Language - Phonology - Consonants


Khwarshi has 66 consonants:

Bilabial Alveolar Postalveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
central lateral
plain phar. plain lab. plain lab. pal. plain lab. plain lab. phar. plain lab. phar. phar.+lab. plain phar.
Nasal m n
Plosive b d g
p t (tʷ) k q
pˤʼ tʷʼ kʷʼ kˤʼ qʷʼ qˤʼ qˤʷʼ
Affricate t͡s t͡ɬ t͡ʃ
t͡sʼ t͡sʷʼ t͡ɬʼ t͡ɬʷʼ t͡ʃʼ t͡ʃʷʼ
Fricative s ɬ ʃ ʃʷ x χ χʷ χˤ χˤʷ ħ h
z ʒ ʒʷ ʁ ʁʷ ʁˤ ʁˤʷ ʕ
Trill r
Approximant l j w

It is not clear whether /tʷ/ is present in Khwarshi or not, as Zaira Khalilova does not include it in her chart of consonants, but nevertheless provides a minimal pair indicating there is a distinction between /t/ and /tʷ/: /eta/ "touch" and /etʷa/ "fly". Therefore it is shown in parentheses in the chart above.

All the consonants can be found in native vocabulary, but some of them are however more rare than others, and some are mostly found in loanwords, such as /ʕ/ which almost only occur in loanwords of Arabic origin. Another example is /x/, found only in loanwords of Avar origin.

The palatalized consonant and all the pharyngealized consonants are not found in Khwarshi Proper, but can be found in all the other dialects. Consider for instance the Khwarshi Proper word /χililːu/ "drunk", which in the other dialects is /χˤilʲilʲːu/.

Read more about this topic:  Khwarshi Language, Phonology

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