Kho'ini Dialect - Grammar - Pronouns

Pronouns
Singular Plural
Person 1 2 3 1 2 3
Nominative az te a(v) šemâ ân
Oblique man te â šemâ ân
Possessive če-man eš-te č-a če-mâ(n) še-mâ(n) č-ân


The possessive pronouns are also used with both preposition and postposition, e.g.:

  • a:râ buri čeman ku pül ar-gi (tomorrow come (and) take money from me). čeman ku means "from me"
  • de man panir a-čman xarat-(e)š-e (he sold two maunds of cheese to me). a-čman means "to me"

They are acted as possessive adjectives too:

  • čeman da:s-em begi (take my hand). Note that the pronoun is repeated by the clitic -em.


Demonstrative pronouns
Nominative Accusative Oblique
Proximate
Singular em eme čia/čie, čem
Plural eme emân čiân
Remote
Singular a(v) ave ča/čâ
Plural ave avân čân


For example:

  • čia ku (from this),
  • čâ ku (from that).

They serve also as adjectives:

  • čiân/čân daste begi (take these/those ones' hands)
  • čie/čâ daste begi (take this/that one's hand)

Possession is also expressed by adding suffixes to nouns. These are added after inflection for number. See the "Person Suffixes" table below.

Reflexive pronoun: geg. But it is treated as a noun in terms of declension, e.g.:

  • mâ a gege-mân viar seg-mân či (we piled stones in front of ourselves).

Read more about this topic:  Kho'ini Dialect, Grammar

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