Jumala

Finnish: Jumala or Estonian: Jumal or Mari: Jumo means "god" in Finnic languages and Volga-Finnic languages, both the Christian god and any other deity of any religion. The word is thought to have been the name of a sky god of the ancient Finnic-speaking peoples. Jumala as a "god of the sky" is associated with the related Estonian Jumal, Mari Jumo, Udmurt Inmar, Komi Jen, Nenets Num, and Bjarmian Jomali and is thought to stem from an ancient Uralic "god of the sky" tradition.

The name was borrowed from Baltic languages (cf. Jumis — Latvian god of fertility, one of the Divine twins). This name replaced the aboriginal Finno-Ugric word for "heaven" (*ilme), which is preserved in the Permian languages and Finnic Ilmarinen.

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Other articles related to "jumala":

Birch Bark Letter No. 292 - Interpretation - By Yevgeny Khelimsky
... Jumalan nuoli 10 nimezi Nuoli säihä nuoli ambu Jumala suduni ohjavi (johavi?) Jumalan nuoli 10 nimesi Nuoli säihkyvä nuoli ampuu Suuto-Jumala (Syyttö-Jumala)† ohjaa (johtaa?) †Syyttö-Jumala ...
Jumala
... In Finland, Jumala was the name of two of the Finns' sky gods, or one of two names for the sky god (cf ... To the sky, the sky-god, and the supreme God, the term Jumala (thunder-home) was given." Later on, the sky itself was called taivas (sky or heaven) and the sky-god Ukko ... the old gods were ousted or consolidated away from the pantheon, Jumala became the Finnish name for the Christian God and the Finnish word for "god" ...
Bible Translations Into Finnish - Comparison
... Translation John (Johannes) 1548 ... Sille Nein on Jumala Mailma racastanut ette he' andoi hene' ainoan Poicans Sempälle ette Jocaine' quin wsko hene' päle's ei pide huckuma' mutta. 1776 Sillä niin on Jumala maailmaa rakastanut, että hän antoi ainoan Poikansa, että jokainen, joka uskoo hänen päällensä, ei pidä hukkuman. 1938 Sillä niin on Jumala maailmaa rakastanut, että hän antoi ainokaisen Poikansa, ettei yksikään, joka häneen uskoo, hukkuisi, vaan hänellä olisi ...