Joseph Rainey

Joseph Rainey

Joseph Hayne Rainey (June 21, 1832 – August 1, 1887) was the first African American to serve in the United States House of Representatives, the second black person to serve in the United States Congress (U.S. Senator Hiram Revels was the first), the first African American to be directly elected to Congress (Revels was appointed), and the first black presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives. Born into slavery, he was freed in the 1840s by his father's purchasing his freedom and that of all his family.

Read more about Joseph Rainey:  Early Life and Education, Marriage and Family, Civil War, Return To The US and Politics

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Joseph Rainey - Return To The US and Politics
... In 1866, following the war's end, Rainey and his family returned to South Carolina, where they settled in Charleston ... In 1870, Rainey was elected to the State Senate of South Carolina ... Rainey was seated December 12, 1870 and was re-elected to Congress four times ...