Johan Christopher Toll - Politician

Politician

Toll was liberally rewarded and more and more frequently employed as his genius as an administrator and his blameless integrity came to light. His reforms in the commissariat department were epoch-making, and the superior mobility of the Swedish forces under Gustav III was due entirely to his initiative. But it was upon Toll's boundless audacity that Gustav chiefly relied. Thus as Gustav, under the pressure of circumstances, inclined more and more towards absolutism, it was upon Toll that he principally leant. In 1783, Toll was placed at the head of the secret "Commission of National Defence " which ruled Sweden during the king's absence abroad without the privity of the Council. It was he who persuaded the king to summon the Riksdag of 1786, which, however, he failed to control, and in all Gustav's plans for forcing on a war with Russia Toll was initiated from the first. In 1786 he had already risen to the rank of major-general and was Gustav's principal adjutant. It was against Toll's advice, however, that Gustav, in 1788, began the war with Russia. Toll had always insisted that, in such a contingency, Sweden should be militarily as well as diplomatically prepared, but this was far from being the case. Nevertheless, when the inevitable first disasters happened, Toll was, most unjustly, made a scapegoat, but the later successes of the war were largely due to his care and diligence as commissary-general. After the death of Gustav III Toll was for a short time war minister and commander-in-chief in Scania and, subsequently, was sent as ambassador to Warsaw. Unjustly involved in the so-called "Armfelt conspiracy" he was condemned to two years imprisonment; but was fully reinstated when in 1796 Gustav IV attained his majority. At the Riksdag at Norrköping in 1800, he was elected marshal of the Diet (Lantmarskalk), and led the royalist party with consummate ability. On this occasion he forced the mutinous nobility or riddarhuset to accept the detested Act of Union and Security by threatening to reveal the names of all the persons suspected of complicity in the murder of the late king. Subsequently he displayed great diplomatic adroitness in his negotiations with the powers concerning Sweden's participation in the war against Napoleon.

Read more about this topic:  Johan Christopher Toll

Other articles related to "politician":

Robert Simpson - Canadian
... Bob Simpson (British Columbia politician), member of Legislative Assembly of British Columbia for Cariboo North Bob Simpson (Canadian football) (1930–2007), CFL ... Simpson, Alberta politician in Calgary North Hill Robert B ... the New Brunswick Healthcare Association and a former New Brunswick politician ...
Zaimis
... Andreas Zaimis (younger), Achaia politician Asimakos Zaimis, a politician Dimitrios Zaimis, revolutionary leader Filippos Zaimis, chief of Kalavryta Fokion Zaimis, politician Ioannis Zaimis (1797–1882), first ...
Klamath Falls, Oregon - Notable People
... Sharron Angle, Nevada politician Brenda Bakke, actress Dennis Bennett, Major League Baseball player Don Pedro Colley, actor Chris Eyre, Sundance Film Festival award winner Helen J ... Moore, Oregon politician Dan O'Brien, Olympic gold medalist-Decathlon Charles O ... Porter, Oregon politician Paul Zahniser, Major League Baseball player ...
John Kennedy (disambiguation) - American Public Officials
... Kennedy (1795–1870), politician, administrator, and novelist John Alexander Kennedy (1803–1873), law-enforcement administrator John J ... Kennedy (Republic of Texas politician) (1814–1880), soldier and law-enforcement officer John L ... Kennedy (1854–1946), politician and jurist John J ...
2003 In New Zealand - Deaths
5 September Sir Richard Harrison, politician. 7 September Merv Wellington, politician ... Philip Holloway, politician ...

Famous quotes containing the word politician:

    A politician never forgets the precarious nature of elective life. We have never established a practice of tenure in public office.
    Hubert H. Humphrey (1911–1978)

    You show me a politician with his heels ten feet in the air, and by Judas priest, I’ll show you an honest politician.
    Dalton Trumbo (1905–1976)

    ... if you’re a woman, all they can think about your relationship with a politician is that you’re either sleeping with him or advising him about clothes.
    Gloria Steinem (b. 1934)