Judaism guides its adherents in both practice and belief, and has been called not only a religion, but also a "way of life," which has made drawing a clear distinction between Judaism, Jewish culture, and Jewish identity rather difficult. Throughout history, in eras and places as diverse as the ancient Hellenic world, in Europe before and after The Age of Enlightenment (see Haskalah), in Islamic Spain and Portugal, in North Africa and the Middle East, India, and China, or the contemporary United States and Israel, cultural phenomena have developed that are in some sense characteristically Jewish without being at all specifically religious. Some factors in this come from within Judaism, others from the interaction of Jews or specific communities of Jews with their surroundings, others from the inner social and cultural dynamics of the community, as opposed to from the religion itself. This phenomenon has led to considerably different Jewish cultures unique to their own communities, each as authentically Jewish as the next.
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Other articles related to "judaism":
... Open Source Judaism is a small movement within the Jewish community that uses open collaboration to create works about or for Judaism ... The movement was proposed in and inspired by the 2003 book Nothing Sacred The Truth about Judaism by Douglas Rushkoff ...
... There are some movements that combine elements of Judaism with those of other religions ... The most well-known of these is Messianic Judaism, which arose in the 1960s ... are ethnically Jewish, and some of them argue that Messianic Judaism is a sect of Judaism ...
... anti-Semitism abhorrent, the regime was hostile toward Judaism from the beginning ... socialist literature and arts would replace Judaism as the quintessence of its culture ... The practice of Judaism became very difficult, intensifying the desire of Jews to leave the Soviet Union ...
Famous quotes containing the word judaism:
“Christianity is the religion of melancholy and hypochondria. Islam, on the other hand, promotes apathy, and Judaism instills its adherents with a certain choleric vehemence, the heathen Greeks may well be called happy optimists.”
—Franz Grillparzer (17911872)