Japanese Yen - Determinants of Value

Determinants of Value

Most traded currencies by value
Rank Currency ISO 4217 code
(Symbol)
% daily share
(April 2010)
1  United States dollar USD ($) 84.9%
2  Euro EUR (€) 39.1%
3 Japanese yen JPY (¥) 19.0%
4  Pound sterling GBP (£) 12.9%
5  Australian dollar AUD ($) 7.6%
6  Swiss franc CHF (Fr) 6.4%
7  Canadian dollar CAD ($) 5.3%
8  Hong Kong dollar HKD ($) 2.4%
9  Swedish krona SEK (kr) 2.2%
10  New Zealand dollar NZD ($) 1.6%
11  South Korean won KRW (₩) 1.5%
12  Singapore dollar SGD ($) 1.4%
13  Norwegian krone NOK (kr) 1.3%
14  Mexican peso MXN ($) 1.3%
15  Indian rupee INR 0.9%
Other 12.2%
Total 200%

Beginning in December 1931, Japan gradually shifted from the gold standard system to the managed currency system.

The relative value of the yen is determined in foreign exchange markets by the economic forces of supply and demand. The supply of the yen in the market is governed by the desire of yen holders to exchange their yen for other currencies to purchase goods, services, or assets. The demand for the yen is governed by the desire of foreigners to buy goods and services in Japan and by their interest in investing in Japan (buying yen-denominated real and financial assets).

Since the 1990s, the Bank of Japan, the country's central bank, has kept interest rates low in order to spur economic growth. Short-term lending rates have responded to this monetary relaxation and fell from 3.7% to 1.3% between 1993 and 2008. Low interest rates combined with a ready liquidity for the yen prompted investors to borrow money in Japan and invest it in other countries (a practice known as carry trade). This has helped to keep the value of the yen low compared to other currencies.

Read more about this topic:  Japanese Yen

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... The relative value of the yen is determined in foreign exchange markets by the economic forces of supply and demand ... The supply of the yen in the market is governed by the desire of yen holders to exchange their yen for other currencies to purchase goods, services, or assets ...