Japanese Clans - Ancient-era Clan Names (Uji-na/氏名 or Honsei/本姓) - Four Noble Clans

Four Noble Clans

Gempeitōkitsu (源平藤橘?), 4 noble clans of Japan:

  • Minamoto clan (源氏) - also known as Genji; 21 cadet branches of Imperial House of Japan.
    • Daigo Genji (醍醐源氏) - descended from 60th emperor Daigo.
    • Go-Daigo Genji (後醍醐源氏) - descended from 96th emperor Go-Daigo.
    • Go-Fukakusa Genji (後深草源氏) - descended from 89th emperor Go-Fukakusa.
    • Go-Nijō Genji (後二条源氏) - descended from 94th emperor Go-Nijō.
    • Go-Saga Genji (後嵯峨源氏) - descended from 88th emperor Go-Saga.
    • Go-Sanjō Genji (後三条源氏) - descended from 71st emperor Go-Sanjō.
    • Go-Shirakawa Genji (後白河源氏) - descended from 77th emperor Go-Shirakawa.
    • Juntoku Genji (順徳源氏) - descended from 84th emperor Juntoku.
    • Kameyama Genji (亀山源氏) - descended from 90th emperor Kameyama.
    • Kazan Genji (花山源氏) - descended from 65th emperor Kazan.
    • Kōkō Genji (光孝源氏) - descended from 58th emperor Kōkō.
    • Murakami Genji (村上源氏) - descended from 62nd emperor Murakami.
    • Montoku Genji (文徳源氏) - descended from 55th emperor Montoku.
    • Nimmyō Genji (仁明源氏) - descended from 54th emperor Nimmyō.
    • Ōgimachi Genji (正親町源氏) - descended from 106th emperor Ōgimachi.
    • Reizei Genji (冷泉源氏) - descended from 63rd emperor Reizei.
    • Saga Genji (嵯峨源氏) - descended from 52nd emperor Saga.
    • Sanjō Genji (三条源氏) - descended from 67th emperor Sanjō.
    • Seiwa Genji (清和源氏) - descended from 56th emperor Seiwa; origin of many samurai clans.
      • Kawachi Genji (河内源氏) - also known as Genke; descended from Minamoto no Yorinobu; origin of Hitachi Genji (常陸源氏), Ishikawa Genji (石川源氏); and Kai Genji (甲斐源氏); famous for 3 Kamakura shoguns.
      • Settsu Genji (摂津源氏) - descended from Minamoto no Yorimitsu; origin of Tada Genji (多田源氏), Mino Genji (美濃源氏) and Shinano Genji (信濃源氏).
      • Yamato Genji (大和源氏) - descended from Minamoto no Yorichika.
    • Uda Genji (宇多源氏) - descended from 59th emperor Uda; origin of Ōmi Genji (近江源氏).
    • Yōzei Genji (陽成源氏) - descended from 57th emperor Yōzei.
  • Taira clan (平氏) - also known as Heishi; 4 cadet branches of Imperial House of Japan.
    • Kammu Heishi (桓武平氏) - descended from 50th emperor Kammu; famous for Taira no Masakado.
      • Bandō 8 Heishi (坂東八平氏) - descended from Taira no Yoshifumi.
      • Ise Heishi (伊勢平氏) - also known as Heike; descended from Taira no Korehira; famous for Taira no Kiyomori.
    • Kōkō Heishi (光孝平氏) - descended from 58th emperor Kōkō.
    • Montoku Heishi (文徳平氏) - descended from 55th emperor Montoku.
    • Nimmyō Heishi (仁明平氏) - descended from 54th emperor Nimmyō.
  • Fujiwara clan (藤原氏) - descended from Fujiwara no Kamatari.
    • 4 families of Fujiwara (藤原四家) - descended from 4 sons of Fujiwara no Fuhito.
      • Fujiwara Hokke (藤原北家) - northern family; descended from Fujiwara no Fusasaki.
      • Fujiwara Kyōke (藤原京家) - descended from Fujiwara no Maro.
      • Fujiwara Nanke (藤原南家) - southern family; descended from Fujiwara no Muchimaro.
      • Fujiwara Shikike (藤原式家) - descended from Fujiwara no Umakai.
    • Northern Fujiwara clan (奥州藤原氏) - also known as Ōshū Fujiwara clan; descended from Fujiwara no Hidesato.
  • Tachibana clan (橘氏) - descended from Prince Naniwa-Ō, son of Prince Shōtoku-Taishi (572-621), 2nd son of Emperor Yōmei; no direct relation to the feudal Tachibana clan (立花氏)

Read more about this topic:  Japanese Clans, Ancient-era Clan Names (Uji-na/氏名 or Honsei/本姓)

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