A jagir (Devanagari: जागीर, Persian: جاگیر, ja- meaning "place", -gir meaning "keeping, holding") was a type of feudal land grant in South Asia bestowed by a monarch to a feudal superior in recognition of his administrative and/or military service. The word jagir is a distorted form of the more formal Sanskrit term jehagiri.
A jagir was technically a feudal life estate, as the grant lawfully reverted back to the monarch upon the feudal superior's death. However, in practice, many jagirs became hereditary by primogeniture. The recipient of the jagir (termed a jagirdar) was the de facto ruler of the territory and was able to earn income from tax revenues. The jagirdar would typically reside at the capital to serve as a Minister, typically appearing twice a day before the monarch.
This feudal system of land ownership is referred to as the jagirdar system. It was first established in the 13th century by the Sultans of Delhi, was later adopted by the Maratha Empire in the early 17th century, and continued under the British East India Company. Shortly following independence from the British Crown in 1947, the jagirdar system was abolished by the Indian government in 1951.
The grants were of several kinds and were known under different expressions, including:
- Jagir, an area of neighboring towns or villages with an administrative Paigah (equivalent to a European county with an administrative county seat)
- Samasthan, Sanskrit equivalent for a Persian jagir
- Agrahar, equivalent to a European town or village
- Umli, equivalent to a European town or village
- Mukasa, equivalent to a European town or village
- Inam, portion of a town or village
- Maktha, portion of a town or village
Other articles related to "jagir":
... In 1715 Farrukhsiyar gave Ikram, Aghapur, Malah, Badhagaon, Bharatpur, and Rupwas parganas in Jagir ... Badan Singh wanted the Jagir of Sinsini to support his increasing family ... Singh, the ambitious son of Churaman was not in favour of giving the Jagir of Sinsini to Badan Singh ...
... an ancestor of the Badhomalhi family of Malhi and a descendent of Baddo, was granted a Jagir by Shahjahan ... This Jagir extended from Eminabad(Gujranwala district) to Naurangabad (tehsil Raya) ... of Baddomalhi, making it the center of his Jagir ...
... Meonwal, Mowai, Nagra, Nahal, Natt, Pabwan, Pandori Jagir, Partabpura, Pharwala, Powadra, Qadian, Rajowal, Rampur, Rawan, Sagarpur, Saidowal, Sangatpur ...
... Maharaj Gunj was the jagir village of family of Maharaj Chandulal who lived around 1860 AD and was peishakar and then PM of Nizams ... Subsequently it was jagir village of maharaja Kishen pershad Bahadur, PM of Nizam VI ... said jagirdar to be their treasurers for their jagir villages at maharaj Gunj, Hyderabad and Madnoor village, presently in Nizamabad Dist of A.P. ...