Islamic Fundamentalism

Islamic fundamentalism (Arabic: usul, the "fundamentals") is the group of religious ideologies seen as advocating a return to the "fundamentals" of Islam: the Quran and the Sunnah. Definitions of Islamic fundamentalism vary. According to Christine L. Kettel, it is deemed problematic by those who suggest that Islamic belief requires all Muslims to be fundamentalists, and by others as a term used by outsiders to describe perceived trends within Islam. Exemplary figures of Islamic fundamentalism who are also termed Islamists are Sayyid Qutb, Ruhollah Khomeini, Abul Ala Mawdudi, and Israr Ahmad. The 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran is seen by Western scholars as a political success of Islamic fundamentalism. Economist Eli Berman argues that Radical Islam is a better term for many post-1920s movements starting with the Muslim Brotherhood, because these movements are seen to practice "unprecedented extremism", thus not qualifying as return to historic fundamentals.

Read more about Islamic FundamentalismDefinitions, Origins of The Modern Movements, Interpretation of Texts, Social and Political Goals, Conflicts With The Secular State, Islamic Fundamentalist States, Human Rights Controversy

Other articles related to "islamic fundamentalism, fundamentalism, islamic":

Fundamentalism - Islamic
... Main article Islamic fundamentalism The Shia and Sunni religious conflicts since the 7th century created an opening for radical ideologists, such as Ali ... Islamic fundamentalism has appeared in many counties the Wahhabi version is promoted worldwide and financed by Saudi Arabia ... crisis of 1979–80 marked a major turning point in the use of the term "fundamentalism" ...
Islamic Fundamentalism In Iran - Viewpoints
... There is a lot that is unique about Iranian fundamentalism but it nonetheless must be seen as one of the Abrahamic revivalisms of the twentieth century ... debates among the followers of the three Islamic orientations during and after the revolution ... adhered to the traditional notion of Islamic justice, one which, much like the Aristotelian idea of justice, states that "equals should be treated alike, but unequals ...
Islam In Germany - Controversies - Fears of Islamic Fundamentalism
... Fears of Islamic fundamentalism came to the fore after September 11, 2001, especially with respect to Islamic fundamentalism among second- and third-generation Muslims in ... Also the various confrontations between Islamic religious law (Sharia) and the norms of German Grundgesetz and culture are the subject of intense debate ... The former claim that Islamic fundamentalism violates basic fundamental rights whereas the latter maintain that Germany is a state and society grounded in the ...
Islamic Fundamentalism - Human Rights Controversy
... Further information Sharia#Contemporary_issues Fundamentalist Islamic states and movements have been criticized for their human rights record by international organizations ... even when they adopt laws along European lines, are influenced by Islamic rules and precepts of sharia, which cause conflict with international law on human rights ... In 1990, under Saudi leadership, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, a group representing all Muslim majority nations, adopted the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam, which substantially diverges ...