Iran–Iraq War - Home Front - Iran

Iran

The Iranian government saw the outbreak of war as chance to strengthen its position and consolidate the Islamic revolution: the war was presented to the Iranian people as a glorious jihad and a test of Iranian national character. The Iranian regime followed a policy of total war from the beginning, and attempted to mobilise the nation as a whole. They established a group known as the Reconstruction Campaign, whose members were exempted from conscription and were instead sent into the countryside to work on farms to replace the men serving at the front.

Iranian workers had a day's pay deducted from their pay cheques every month to help finance the war, and mass campaigns were launched to encourage the public to donate food, money, and blood for the soldiers. To further help finance the war, the Iranian government banned the import of all non-essential items, and launched a major effort to rebuild the damaged oil plants.

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Other articles related to "iran":

Gilan Province - People and Culture
... Anzali and Rasht as ranking amongst the most important commercial centers in Iran ... Although Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization lists 211 sites of historical and cultural significance in the province, the main tourist attraction in Gilan is the small town of ... has a strong culinary tradition, from which several dishes have come to be adopted across Iran ...
Ze'ev Maghen - Iran
... He avers that the Iranian hatred of Israel is analogous to the "two-minutes hate" in George Orwell’s 1984 ... It is the persistent indoctrination, described by Maghen as "imbibed with mother’s milk and drummed by rote into the consciousnesses of the Iranian citizenry." This is what makes it precisely so dangerous, suggests Maghen, because intense anger and hatred are all-consuming emotions that "subside quickly if the psyche is not to combust and collapse." At the same time these intense emotions are unsustainable ...
Ismail I
... شاه اسماعیل‎ full name Abū l-Muzaffar bin Haydar as-Safavī), was a Shah of Iran (1502) and the founder of the Safavid dynasty which survived until 1736 ... Shia militant religious order and unified all of Iran by 1509 ... Born in Ardabil in Northwestern Iran, he reigned as Shah Ismail I of Iran from 1502 to 1524 ...
Iran - Demographics - Religion
... Main article Religion in Iran Iran religiosity Religion Percent Islam   98% Other   2% Religion in Iran is dominated by the Twelver Shia branch of Islam, which is the official state religion and to which ... Sunni branch of Islam, mainly Kurds and Iran's Balochi Sunni ... However the Bahá'í Faith, Iran's largest religious minority, is not officially recognized, and has been persecuted during its existence in Iran ...
Hard Power - Examples
... has used the term to define some policy measures in regards to Iran as well ... For instance, there are many sanctions against Iran passed by UN Security Council and numerous nations such as the United States and European Union also impose bilateral sanctions against Iran ... on exports of nuclear and missile to Iran, banking and insurance transactions, investment in oil, exports of refined petroleum products, and so on ...

Famous quotes containing the word iran:

    During my administration the most unpleasant and perhaps most dramatic negotiations in which we participated were with the various leaders of Iran after the seizure of American hostages in November 1979. The Algerians were finally chosen as the only intermediaries who were considered trustworthy both by me and the Ayatollah Khomeini. After many aborted efforts, final success was achieved during my last few hours in the White House.
    Jimmy Carter (James Earl Carter, Jr.)