Investment Banks

Some articles on bank, banks, investment, investment banks, investment bank:

Shadow Banking System
... banking system is the collection of non-bank financial intermediaries that provide services similar to traditional commercial banks ... said to include entities such as hedge funds, money market funds and structured investment vehicles (SIV), but the meaning and scope of shadow banking is disputed in the academic literature ... Investment banks as well as commercial banks may conduct much of their business in the shadow banking system (SBS), but most are not generally classed as SBS ...
Shadow Banking System - Risks or Vulnerability
... same prudential regulations as depository banks, so that they do not have to keep as high financial reserves relative to their market exposure ... have zero leverage and thus do not pose this risk feature of shadow banks ... Shadow institutions like SIVs and conduits, typically sponsored and guaranteed by commercial banks, borrowed from investors in short-term, liquid markets (such as the money market and ...
Late-2000s Financial Crisis - Background - Deregulation
... A recent OECD study suggest that bank regulation based on the Basel accords encourage unconventional business practices and contributed to or even reinforced the ... of 1980 (DIDMCA) phased out a number of restrictions on banks' financial practices, broadened their lending powers, allowed credit unions and savings and loans to offer checkable deposits, and ... This repeal has been criticized for reducing the separation between commercial banks (which traditionally had fiscally conservative policies) and investment ...
Subprime Mortgage Crisis Solutions Debate - Regulation - Bank Capital Requirements & Leverage Restrictions
... Nondepository banks (e.g ... investment banks and mortgage companies) are not subject to the same capital requirements (or leverage restrictions) as depository banks ... For example, the largest five investment banks were leveraged approximately 301 based on their 2007 financial statements, meaning that only a 3.33% decline in ...
Synthetic CDO - Debate and Criticism
... regarding the duty of financial intermediaries or market-makers such as investment banks to their clients ... For example, if an investment bank has a significant bet that a particular asset class will decline in value and has taken the short position, does it have a duty to reveal the nature of these bets ... The New York Times quoted one expert as saying One bank spokesman said that synthetic CDO created by Wall Street were made to satisfy client demand for such products, which the clients ...

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