International Law And The Arab–Israeli Conflict
There is a broad international consensus that the actions of the nations involved in the Arab-Israeli conflict violate prohibitions contained in international law. However, this legality is disputed by some of the nations involved. Both the basis for international law and disagreement over its applicability in the case of the Arab-Israeli conflict is discussed below.
As a result of the Six-Day War in 1967, Israel came to occupy large swaths of land invaded and occupied in 1948 by neighboring Egypt, Syria and Jordan. Following the peace treaties between Israel and Egypt and Israel and Jordan, the conflict today largely revolves around Palestinian statehood.
The main points of dispute (also known as the "core issues" or "final status issues") are the following:
- the legality or otherwise of the Israeli settlements in the Palestinian territories, and their annexation of East Jerusalem and the Israeli West Bank barrier;
- how legal borders should be decided between Israel and a Palestinian state;
- the legal status of the Palestinian refugees from the 1948 Arab-Israeli war and subsequently.
The United Nations General Assembly has voted on a resolution bearing on issues of international law as applied to the conflict every year since 1974. The most recent vote was held on November 30, 2010. The resolution entitled "Peaceful settlement of the question of Palestine" was adopted by a recorded vote of 165 in favor to 7 against with 4 abstentions.
Read more about International Law And The Arab–Israeli Conflict: Customary International Law, Conventions, Resolutions and Declarations, Legal Issues Related To Sovereignty, Legal Issues Related To The Wars, Legal Issues Related To Occupation, Legal Issues Related To The Israeli West Bank Barrier
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