Until the mid-1970s, the independent city and municipal police forces took charge of maintaining peace and order on a local level, calling on the PC for aid when the need arose. The National Police Commission was established in 1966 to improve the professionalism and training of local police and exercised some supervisory authority over the police. However, it was widely seen that this system had several serious defects such jurisdictional limitations, lack of uniformity, poor interagency coordination, disputes between police forces. Lastly was the partisan political involvement in police employment, appointments, assignments, and promotions with local political bosses routinely using the police as private armies to protect their personal interests and intimidate their political opponents.
In order to correct such deficiencies, the 1973 constitution provided for the integration of public safety forces. Several presidential decrees were subsequently issued, integrating the police, fire, and jail services in the 1,500 cities and municipalities into the INP. On August 8, 1975, Presidential Decree 765 officially established the joint command structure of the Philippine Constabulary and Integrated National Police.
Approximately 10 percent of INP personnel staff were fire protection, and prison officials. The Philippine National Police Academy provided training for INP officer cadets. Established under the INP's Training Command in 1978, the academy offered a bachelor of science degree in public safety following a two-year course of study. Admission to the school was highly competitive.
Read more about this topic: Integrated National Police
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