The Insular Belt is a physiogeological region on the north western North American coast. It consist of three major island groups and many smaller islands and stretches from southern British Columbia into Alaska and the Yukon. It represents the Late Cretaceous to Eocene accretion of what is known as the "Insular Superterrane" the North American continent.
The rocks that form the Insular Super-Terrane are allochthonous meaning they are not related to the North American continent. They consist of a series of volcanics, intrusions and sedimentary rocks from the collision of an ancient island arc called the Insular Islands. The exact collision of the Insular Islands remains uncertain.
The major island groups that compose the Insular Super-Terrane are, from north to south, Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands, the Queen Charlotte Islands and the Alexander Archipelago in Alaska.
The region is noteworthy as it has the greatest physiographic relief from the depths of Queen Charlotte Sound (which had been a coastal plain during the last ice age) to the heights of the Wrangell - Saint Elias Mountains. In general the region is extremely rugged with very little flat land except in certain regions (e.g. the east coast of Vancouver Island).
The region is thickly forested, having a temperate year round climate, with many of the worlds largest trees.
Other articles related to "belts, insular belt, belt":
... There are five morpho-geological belts that define the geology of British Columbia from east to west the Foreland, Omineca, Intermontane, Coast and Insular Belt ... The Foreland Belt is composed of weakly metamorphosed sedimentary rocks which are 1.4 billion to 33 million years old, and the belt represents a rift sequence followed by a ... The Omineca Belt is composed of highly metamorphosed, pericratonic (near craton) terranes and fragments of North America that are 2 billion to 180 million years old ...