An information retrieval query language is a query language used to make queries into database, where the semantics of the query are defined not by a precise rendering of a formal syntax, but by an interpretation of the most suitable results of the query.
Of importance in IR query languages is weighting and ranking, "relevance-orientation", semantic relativism and logic-based probabilism.
An example of an IR query language is Contextual Query Language (CQL), a formal language for representing queries to Information Retrieval systems such as web indexes, bibliographic catalogs and museum collection information.
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