Infant mortality is the death of an infant in the first year of life, often expressed as the number of deaths per 1000 live births (infant mortality rate). Major causes of infant mortality include dehydration, infection, congenital malformation and SIDS.
This epidemiological indicator is recognized as a very important measure of the level of health care in a country because it is directly linked with the health status of infants, children, and pregnant women as well as access to medical care, socioeconomic conditions, and public health practices.
There is a positive relationship between national wealth and good health. The rich and industrialized countries of the world, prominently Canada, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Japan, spend a large proportion of their wealthy budget on the health care system. As, a result, their health care systems are very sophisticated, with many physicians, nurses, and other health care experts servicing the population. Thus, infant mortality is low. On the other hand, a country such as Mexico, which spends disproportionately less of its budget on healthcare, suffers from high mortality rates. This is because the general population is likely to be less healthy. Infant mortality rates are especially high in minority groups. Non-Hispanic black women have an infant mortality rate of 13.63 per 1000 live births whereas in non-Hispanic white women it was much lower at a rate of 5.76 per 1000 live births. The average infant mortality rate in the U.S. is 6.8 per 1000 live births.
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... infant mortality rate in 1922 was 76.2 death per 1000 live births ... By the time that Sheppard-Towner was repealed in 1929, the infant mortality rate had fallen to 67.6 ... There was already a downward trend in infant mortality during the 1920s not the entirety of the decrease was due to Sheppard-Towner ...
... Live birth rate is 12.9 per 1000, and mortality rate is 9.8 per 1000 ... exists between rural and urban under-5 mortality rates, with almost twice as many deaths per 1000 live births in rural areas than in urban ... The 2010 infant mortality rate was 15.7 per 1000 live births, and the under-5 mortality rate was 17.1 ...
... The following is the list of infant mortality by states of Mexico, it included all infants under the age of four ... Mexican States by Infant Mortality (2006, Total) Number State Infant mortality (Total) 1 Aguascalientes 2 ... Baja California 3 ... Baja California Sur 26 4 ...
... Mortality is considered to have been quite high in antiquity, due to a few factors a lack of sanitation and hygienic awareness, no understanding of micro-organisms, and a ... In the context of childbirth, however, maternal and infant mortality were seriously raised by modern standards ... Infants are fragile compared to adults, and the lack of sanitation mentioned above contributed further to this fragility ...
... These changes may decrease infant mortality ... Economically, governments could reduce infant mortality by building and strengthening capacity in human resources ... Increasing the number of skilled professionals is negatively correlated with maternal, infant, and childhood mortality ...
Famous quotes containing the words mortality and/or infant:
“When I turned into a parent, I experienced a real and total personality change that slowly shifted back to the normal me, yet has not completely vanished. I believe the two levels are now superimposed, with an additional sprinkling of mortality intimations.”
—Sonia Taitz (20th century)
“Sweet babe, in thy face
Soft desires I can trace,
Secret joys and secret smiles,
Little pretty infant wiles.”
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