Every state is required under IDEIA to provide data to ensure that disproportionality is not occurring. The issue is that there is no guideline on how that data should be analyzed. The Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) met in 2003 and 2004 to use risk-ratio and determine its challenges, while also addressing them. Insight on how data is being collected and analyzed can shed light on where and how the dis-proportionality is occurring and how to curtail them if they are.
IDEA 2004 also put in place indicators to prevent the over-diagnosis of students with disabilities The Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction created a Checklist to Address Disproportionality (CADSE) in order to increase awareness of over-diagnosis and put systems in place that prevent the continued cycles of over-identification. An important component of this checklist is cultural competency. Efforts continue to be made on a local, state, and national level to prevent over-identification in special education.
Read more about this topic: Individuals With Disabilities Education Act
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