Independence Rock (Wyoming)
Independence Rock is a large granite rock, approximately 130 feet (40 m) high, 1,900 feet (580 m) long and 850 feet (260 m) wide, in southwestern Natrona County in the U.S. state of Wyoming, along Wyoming Highway 220. During the middle of the 19th century, the rock was a prominent and well-known landmark on the Oregon, Mormon and California emigrant trails. Many of these emigrants carved their names on the rock. It was designated a National Historic Landmark on January 20, 1961. It is now part of Independence Rock State Historic Site, owned and operated by the state of Wyoming.
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... The rockderives its name from the fact that it lies directly along the route of the Emigrant Trail and that emigrant wagon parties bound for Oregon or California ... and in some places sixty or eighty feet above, the rockis inscribed with the names of travelers ... Fremont carved a large cross into the rockmonolith, which was blasted off the rockon July 4, 1847 by some among hundreds of California and Oregon emigrants who had ...