Hypochlorite

The hypochlorite ion, also known as chlorate(I) anion is ClO−. A hypochlorite compound is a chemical compound containing this group, with chlorine in oxidation state +1.

Hypochlorites are the salts of hypochlorous acid. Common examples include sodium hypochlorite (chlorine bleach or bleaching agent) and calcium hypochlorite (bleaching powder or swimming pool chlorination compound). Hypochlorites are frequently quite unstable — for example, sodium hypochlorite is not available as a solid, since removal of the water from NaClO solution converts it to a mixture of sodium chloride and sodium chlorate. Heating of NaClO solution also causes this reaction. Hypochlorites decompose in sunlight, giving chlorides and oxygen.

Due to their low stability, hypochlorites are very strong oxidizing agents. They react with many organic and inorganic compounds. Reaction with organic compounds is very exothermic and may cause ignition, so hypochlorites should be handled with care. They can oxidize manganese compounds, converting them to permanganates.

Covalent hypochlorites, such as methyl hypochlorite are also known, and are typically unstable.

Read more about Hypochlorite:  Preparation, Metabolism, Stability

Other articles related to "hypochlorite":

Shock Chlorination
... Shock chlorination is performed by mixing a large amount of sodium hypochlorite, which can be in the form of a powder or a liquid such as chlorine bleach, into ... Water that is being shock chlorinated should not be swum in or drunk until the sodium hypochlorite count in the water goes down to three ppm or less ... Commercial sodium hypochlorite should not be mixed with commercial calcium hypochlorite, as there is a risk of explosion ...
Blanqueador - History
... that chlorine could be used to bleach fabrics and who first made sodium hypochlorite (Eau de Javel, or Javel water, named after a quarter in Paris where ... Scottish chemist and industrialist Charles Tennant first produced a solution of calcium hypochlorite, then solid calcium hypochlorite (bleaching powder) ...
Hypochlorite - Stability
... Hypochlorite is the least stable of the chlorine oxyanions ... Many hypochlorite compounds exist only in solution, as is also the case with hypochlorous acid (HClO) itself ... Hypochlorite is unstable with respect to disproportionation ...
Calcium Hypochlorite
... Calcium hypochlorite is a chemical compound with formula Ca(ClO)2 ... relatively stable and has greater available chlorine than sodium hypochlorite (liquid bleach) ...
Sodium Hypochlorite
... Sodium hypochlorite is a chemical compound with the formula NaClO ... Sodium hypochlorite solution, commonly known as bleach or liquid bleach, is frequently used as a disinfectant or a bleaching agent ...