House demolition is primarily a military tactic which has been used in many conflicts for a variety of purposes. It has been employed as a scorched earth tactic to deprive an advancing enemy of food and shelter, or to wreck an enemy's economy and infrastructure. It has also been used for purposes of counter-insurgency and ethnic cleansing. Systematic house demolition has been a notable factor in a number of recent or ongoing conflicts including the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the Darfur conflict in Sudan, the Iraq War, the Vietnam War, the Yugoslav wars and the Caucasian conflicts of the 1990s.
The tactic has often been extremely controversial. Its use in warfare is governed by the Fourth Geneva Convention and other instruments of international law, and international war crimes courts have prosecuted the misuse of house demolition on a number of occasions as a violation of the laws of war. Historically it has also been widely used by a variety of states and peoples as a civil punishment for criminal offences ranging from treason to drunkenness.
Other articles related to "house demolition, demolition, house demolitions, houses":
... The use of house demolition under international law is today governed by the Fourth Geneva Convention, enacted in 1949, which protects non-combatants in occupied territories ... In its accompanying commentaries, the International Committee of the Red Cross refers to demolition only being justified by "imperative military requirements ... Israeli use of house demolitions has been particularly controversial ...
... House Demolitions and Destruction of Agricultural Land in the Gaza strip reports on the demolishing of hundreds of houses and thousands of acres of agricultural land in the Gaza strip on the ... Punitive House Demolitions during the al-Aqsa Intifada concluded that the Israeli policy of punitive house demolition was illegal and ineffective ... the government of Israel immediately cease the policy of punitive house demolitions, and that it compensate Palestinians whose homes have been ...
Famous quotes containing the word house:
“For splendor, there must somewhere be rigid economy. That the head of the house may go brave, the members must be plainly clad, and the town must save that the State may spend.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)