Hornbill

Hornbill

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Hornbills (Bucerotidae) are a family of bird found in tropical and subtropical Africa, Asia and Melanesia. They are characterized by a long, down-curved bill which is frequently brightly-colored and sometimes has a casque on the upper mandible. Both the common English and the scientific name of the family refer to the shape of the bill, "buceros" being "cow horn" in Greek. In addition, they possess a two-lobed kidney. Hornbills are the only birds in which the first two neck vertebrae (the axis and atlas) are fused together; this probably provides a more stable platform for carrying the bill. The family is omnivorous, feeding on fruit and small animals. They are monogamous breeders nesting in natural cavities in trees and sometimes cliffs. A number of species of hornbill are threatened with extinction, mostly insular species with small ranges.

Read more about Hornbill:  Description, Distribution and Habitat, Behaviour and Ecology, Taxonomy, Cultural Significance, Status and Conservation

Other articles related to "hornbill, hornbills":

List Of Birds Of The Philippines - Hornbills
... Hornbills are a group of birds whose bill is shaped like a cow's horn, but without a twist, sometimes with a casque on the upper mandible ... Palawan Hornbill Anthracoceros marchei (E) Sulu Hornbill Anthracoceros montani (E) Rufous Hornbill Buceros hydrocorax (E) Luzon Hornbill Penelopides manillae (E) Mindoro Hornbill Penelopides mindorensis (E) Tarictic ...
Mindoro Tarictic Hornbill
... Penelopides panini mindorensis The Mindoro Hornbill (Penelopides mindorensis) is a species of hornbill in the Bucerotidae family ... As is the case with all Philippine tarictic hornbills, it has been considered a subspecies of P ... It is the only tarictic hornbill where both sexes are creamy-white and black ...
Athirappilly Falls - Wildlife
... Athirappilly-Vazhachal area is the only location where all four South Indian species of hornbills — the Great Hornbill (the State Bird of Kerala), Malabar ... these unique birds may vanish from these forests because it will submerge the hornbills' habitat ...
Luzon Hornbill
... The Luzon Hornbill (Penelopides manillae), sometimes called Luzon Tarictic Hornbill, is a species of hornbill in the Bucerotidae family ... As is the case with all Philippine tarictic hornbills, it has been considered a subspecies of P ... There are two subspecies of the Luzon Hornbill The relatively widespread nominate, and subniger from the islands of Polillo and Patnanongan ...
Hornbill - Status and Conservation
... None of the African species of hornbills are seriously threatened, but many Asian hornbills are threatened due to hunting and habitat loss, as they tend to require primary forest ... Among these threatened species, only the Plain-pouched Hornbill and Rufous-necked Hornbill are found in the Asian mainland all others are insular in their distribution ... In the Philippines alone, one species (Palawan Hornbill) is vulnerable and two species (Mindoro and Visayan Tarictic Hornbills) are endangered ...