Hongi

A hongi is a traditional Māori greeting in New Zealand. It is done by pressing one's nose and forehead (at the same time) to another person at an encounter.

It is used at traditional meetings among Māori people and on major ceremonies and serves a similar purpose to a formal handshake in modern western culture, and indeed a hongi is often used in conjunction with one.

In the hongi, the ha (or breath of life), is exchanged and intermingled.

Through the exchange of this physical greeting, one is no longer considered manuhiri (visitor) but rather tangata whenua, one of the people of the land. For the remainder of one's stay one is obliged to share in all the duties and responsibilities of the home people. In earlier times, this may have meant bearing arms in times of war, or tending crops, such as kumara (sweet potato).

When Māori greet one another by pressing noses, the tradition of sharing the breath of life is considered to have come directly from the gods.

In Māori folklore, woman was created by the gods moulding her shape out of the earth. The god Tāne (meaning male) embraced the figure and breathed into her nostrils. She then sneezed and came to life. Her name was Hineahuone (earth formed woman).

Read more about Hongi:  Examples

Other articles related to "hongi":

Whangaroa
... In February 1827, the famous Ngā Puhi chief Hongi Hika was engaged in warfare against the tribes of Whangaroa ... Acting contrary to the orders of Hongi Hika some of his warriors plundered and burnt the Wesleyan mission ... During a skirmish Hongi Hika was shot in the chest by one of his warriors ...
Hongi Hika
... Hongi Hika (c ... Hongi Hika used European weapons to overrun much of northern New Zealand in the first of the Musket Wars ... Hongi Hika's military campaigns, and the other Musket Wars were one of the most important stimuli for the British annexation of New Zealand and subsequent Treaty of ...
Te Whareumu - Te Ika-a-ranga-nui
... So Hongi Hika decided to help Te Whareumu, to whom Koriwhai was related, and at the same time use the opportunity to wipe out their warlike neighbours of ... So Ngapuhi assembled under Hongi Hika 500 strong and after the usual haka, the taua (war party) proceeded by way of the Mangakahia Valley ... Te Hihi managed to stop Hongi Hika from destroying his relatives by presenting the warrior with a fine old mere (greenstone weapon) ...
Eruera Maihi Patuone - Pakeha Relationships
... were killed, including Pokaia, father of Heke and Te Houawe, older brother of Hongi Hika ... Hongi's sister Waitapu was also killed and her body desecrated, all it is said as part of helping Hongi to escape to carry on in name and deed, the family ... Hongi named one of his muskets Te Teke Tanumia to commemorate his sister's terrible death she was slit open from the genital region and filled with sand ...