HIV/AIDS in China

HIV/AIDS In China

Much of the current spread of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the People's Republic of China (PRC) has been through intravenous drug use and prostitution. In China, the number of people affected by HIV has been estimated at between 430,000 and 1.5 million, with some estimates going much higher. In many rural areas of China during the 1990s, particularly in the province of Henan, hundreds of thousands up to millions of farmers and peasants were infected with HIV through participation in state-run blood collection programs in which contaminated equipment was reused.

The PRC is not yet near what many would consider a widespread AIDS epidemic, but the infection rate (incidence) has been rising sharply, and a serious outbreak in a country as large as the PRC could significantly impact the economies of both China and the world as a whole. The underlying government response to HIV/AIDS is now that of preemptive intervention.

An official report published in February 2009 stated that in 2008, for the first time, HIV/AIDS was China's leading cause of death among infectious diseases. Nearly 7,000 people died from the disorder in the first nine months of 2008, a substantial increase—until three years prior to this, the total cumulative mortality was less than 8,000.

According to the CIA World Factbook, the percentage of adults (aged 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS in China is 0.1%, the same as in Japan and less than in many European Union countries such as the United Kingdom (0.2%) and Austria (0.3%).

Read more about HIV/AIDS In China:  Epidemiology, AIDS Vaccine Trials, Traditional Chinese Medicine, Public Awareness and Education, Activism, Socioeconomic Impact, Media

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... See also Healthcare in Iran Rankings Name Rank Out of Source Notes Year Suicide Rate 106 ... WHO Listed from highest suicide rate to lowest Iran Males=0.3/100,000 people, Females=0.1/100,000 people, Total=0.2/100,000 people More info As per WHO in 2002 there were 8.2 deaths per 100,000 people in Iran due to intentional self-inflicted injuries 2008 Tobacco Consumption per capita 121 ... WHO 764 Cigarettes smoked per adult per year WHO put the prevalence of smoking for the year 2005 in 15+ year old's as 5.5% of females 29.6% of males More info Tobacco Use Prevalence in Iran Health effects of tobacco 2007 Alcohol consumption per capita 163 World WHO Per capita alcohol consumption of 1.02 liters per year More info Alcohol and cancer Alcoholic liver disease 2005 % of population with access to essential drugs 163 ... World Health Organization Categorized in medium access level of 80% Number of factories producing medicine 2000 ... Female % of HIV positive population 15+ years 112 ... World Bank 16.67% of over-15 years old HIV+ population is female 2005 Incidence of tuberculosis per 100,000 people 200 ... World Bank 23.48 per 100,000 People 100% of all patients are under proper medical treatment as per WHO guidelines 2005 Physicians per 1000 people 202 ... World Bank 0.45 physicians/1000 people Alternative WHO 2005 indicators Total Physicians=61,870, Pharmaceutical personnel density=0.2/1000 People, Nursing and midwifery personnel density=1.6/1000 People, Dentistry personnel density=0.2/1000 People 2004 Prevalence of opiate addiction 132 ... United Nations Prevalence rate of 2.8% of population Almost all opiates smuggled into Iran from Afghanistan Initiation age for most Iranian addicts is their 20s More info Rankings of most harmful drugs 1999 Annual cannabis use by country 67 ... United Nations Annual prevalence rate of 4.2% of population 1999 HIV/AIDS prevalence rate 171 ... CIA World Factbook HIV/AIDS Prevalence Rate of 0.1% of Population Recent WHO report puts the number of HIV+ people at 110,000 people or ~0.16% of population in 2007 accelerating In past the primary mode of transmission was by syringe sharing among drug addicts but it is now being replaced by high risk sexual contacts Iran in 2003 had over 700,000 cases of sexually transmitted infections 2001 Deaths due to HIV/AIDS 153 ... CIA World Factbook 4,300 people die annually because of AIDS/HIV infection Recent WHO report puts the number of deaths at 6,000 in 2007 WHO report puts the coverage of antiretroviral therapy at 6% 2007 Prevalence of HIV among population aged 15-49 years 148 ... World Bank Listed from highest rate to lowest Iran 0.15% of 15- to 49-year-olds are HIV+ Recent WHO report puts the % of HIV+ 15- to 49-year-olds at 0.3% in 2005 ... Access to Sanitation 129 ... CIA World Factbook 99% of population have access to proper sanitation 2003 % of Population undernourished 76 ... United Nations Listed from highest malnourishment rates to lowest Iran less than 5% of population is malnourished More info Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Iran Nutrition Landscape Information System for Iran United Nations map of the world showing % of national population suffering from undernourishment 2009 Prevalence of contraceptive use among women 176 ... World Bank 74% of women aged 15–49 use contraceptives alternately ranked by UN at 12th/89 with 73% prevalence Most widely used method is "contraceptive pill" More info Contraceptive security 2000 Hospital beds/1000 people 191 ... World Bank Hospital beds/1000 population 1.6/1000 758 hospitals, 225,000 hospital beds, 438 emergency centers 2001 Underweight children rate 95 ... United Nations Ranking is from highest rate to lowest Iran ~2% of children are underweight 2005 Dietary caloric intake 40 World FAO Iranians on average consume 3040 kcal/person/day More info Nutrition 2007 Malaria cases per 100,000 of population 94 ... United Nations/Complete report for Iran Ranking is from highest rate to lowest Malaria cases in Iran 27/100,000 of population 2001 World ranking of overall national health systems 190 ... WHO Ranked from best overall health care systems to worst More info Health literacy 2000 World ranking of national health system performance attainment 191 ... WHO Ranking is based on composites of overall health care system, health level distribution, responsiveness level distribution, fairness in financial contribution, overall health goals attainment and per capita health expenditure 1997 Total health expenditure per capita 69 World WHO US $678 spent on health per person Total health expenditure is 6.8% of GDP (PPP) 2006 % of under-5 year old children with ARI taken to health provider 80 ... United Nations 93% of children with Acute Respiratory Infection taken to health provider 2002 % of total births attended by skilled health staff 158 ... Save the Children 97% of all births attended by skilled health staff Ranked among 43 developed 115 developing countries, totaling 2009 ... Expenditure on health as % of GDP 188 ... World Bank 6.6% of GDP is spent on health 2004 % of babies exclusively breastfed for 6 months 125 ... United Nations 44% of babies exclusively breastfed for the first six months of life More info Facts on Breastfeeding 1995–2002 % of households consuming iodized salt 112 ... United Nations 94% of households consume iodized salt 1997–2002 Out of pocket health expenditure as % of private expenditure on health 187 ... World Bank 94.8% of private health expenditure is out of pocket More info Health care system and Publicly funded health care 2004 Prepaid plans as % of private health expenditure 187 ... WHO Prepaid plans constitute 2.9% of private health funding More info Universal health care 2002 Government expenditure on health per capita 185 ... WHO Government spends 206$ per person/Year 2002 Total expenditure on health per capita 185 ... WHO Total health expenditure by government private sectors 432$ Per capita/Year 2002 Total population suffering from undernourishment 103 ... Countries by undernourishment rate Listed from highest rate to lowest Iran 4% of population is undernourished 2006 Probability of not reaching 40 years of age 111 ... United Nations Listed from highest probability to lowest Iran 9.3% 2001 Probability of reaching 65 years of age (males) 159 ... United Nations Listed from highest probability to lowest Iran 68.9% 2000 Probability of reaching 65 years of age (females) 159 ... United Nations Listed from highest probability to lowest Iran 74.3% 2000 Total number of kidney transplants/Year 47 ... Worldwide Transplant Center Directory 228 kidneys transplanted in 2002 Iran ranked 4th worldwide in 2007 with more than 2000 transplants performed annually 2002 Kidney transplants per capita 47 ... Worldwide Transplant Center Directory 3.35205 kidney transplants per 1 million people/Year 2002 Countries by total disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate 194 ... WHO Iran has total DALY rate of 175.2 years per 1000 of population Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest More information The burden of disease injury in Iran Global burden of disease World Health Statistics 2004 ... Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Tuberculosis 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 0.78 year/1000 people for TB Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) excluding HIV/AIDS 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 1.1 years/1000 people for STDs excluding HIV/AIDS Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for HIV/AIDS 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 0.83 year/1000 people for AIDS/HIV Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Diarrhea 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 4.4 years/1000 people for diarrhea Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Meningitis 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 0.50 year/1000 people for meningitis Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Hepatitis B 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 0.14 year/1000 people for hepatitis B Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest Higher DALYs in risk groups e.g ... truck drivers 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Hepatitis C 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 0.07 year/1000 people for hepatitis C Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Respiratory Infections 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 4.62 years/1000 people for Respiratory infections Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Maternal conditions 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 5.49 years/1000 people for Maternal conditions Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Perinatal conditions 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 15.97 years/1000 people for Perinatal conditions Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Malnutrition 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 4.24 years/1000 people for Malnutrition Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest More info Obesity in Iran Obesity Scale Country Comparison Facts on Malnutrition Map of Obesity 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Cancers 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 7.63 years/1000 people for Cancers Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest More info Cancer Country Profile 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Diabetes 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 2.77 years/1000 people for Diabetes Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Neuro-Psychiatric conditions 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 34.41 years/1000 people for Neuro-Psychiatric diseases Neurological+Psychiatric conditions Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for diseases of sensory organs 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 12.84 years/1000 people for diseases of Sensory organs Eye diseases+Ear diseases Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Cardiovascular diseases 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 21.63 years/1000 people for Cardiovascular diseases Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest More info Physical Inactivity Prevalence in Iran Raised Cholesterol Prevalence in Iran Raised Blood Pressure Prevalence in Iran 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Respiratory diseases 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 6.18 years/1000 people for Respiratory diseases Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Digestive diseases 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 3.44 years/1000 people for Digestive diseases Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Genito-Urinary diseases 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 1.86 years/1000 people for Genito-urinary diseases Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest More info Prevalence of circumcision 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Skin diseases 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 0.42 years/1000 people for Skin diseases Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Musculoskeletal diseases 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 3.83 years/1000 people for Musculoskeletal diseases Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest Example Burden of osteoporosis in Iran 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Congenital Anomalies 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 4.41 years/1000 people for Congenital anomalies Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Oral diseases 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 2.13 years/1000 people for Oral diseases Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for All Accidents 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 29.7 years/1000 people for Un-intentional Injuries Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest More info Economic compensation of accidental injuries in Iran 2004 Countries by disability-adjusted life year (DALY) rate for Intentional Injuries 194 ... WHO DALY rate of 3.2 years/1000 people for Intentional Injuries Ranked from highest DALY rate to lowest Economic loss of 0.49% of GDP/Year due to violence intentional injuries 2004 Total healthy life expectancy at birth 192 ... WHO Total Healthy life expectancy (HALE) of 57.6 years on average at birth Ranked from highest healthy life expectancy to lowest 2004 Male healthy life expectancy at birth 192 ... WHO Male Healthy life expectancy (HALE) of 56.1 years on average at birth Ranked from highest healthy life expectancy to lowest 2004 Male healthy life expectancy at 60 years of age 192 ... WHO Male Healthy life expectancy (HALE) of 10.4 years on average at 60 years of age Ranked from highest healthy life expectancy to lowest 2004 Female healthy life expectancy at birth 192 ... WHO Female Healthy life expectancy (HALE) of 59.1 years on average at birth Ranked from highest healthy life expectancy to lowest 2004 Female healthy life expectancy at 60 years of age 192 ... WHO Female Healthy life expectancy (HALE) of 11.9 years on average at 60 years of age Ranked from highest healthy life expectancy to lowest 2004 Expectation of lost healthy years at birth (Male) 192 ... WHO Expectation of lost healthy years (Male) of 10.4 years on average at birth Ranked from highest loss of healthy years to lowest Iran is 2nd after Yemen in the world followed by Iraq 2004 Expectation of lost healthy years at birth (Female) 192 ... WHO Expectation of lost healthy years (Female) of 12.5 years on average at birth Ranked from highest loss of healthy years to lowest Iran has the highest loss of healthy years for females in the world 2004 Urban sulfur dioxide pollution 141 ... World Health Organization City SO2 concentration 209 micrograms/m3 More info WHO map of deaths due to air pollution 1995 Country Rank by Top World Hospitals 21 World Webometrics Iran has one hospital among world's top 200 hospitals, 2 in top 500 and 4 in top 2009. ...

... The Silk Road which once brought prosperity to Central Asia in the silk trade is now a highway for drugs from Afghanistan to Russia that has contributed to economic, political and social problems in the region ... The drug trade is proliferating in Central Asia because of its weak states and geo-strategic location ...

... The word virus appeared in 1599 and originally meant "venom" ... A very early form of vaccination known as variolation was developed several thousand years ago in China ...

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