History of The Jews in Hungary

History Of The Jews In Hungary

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Part of a series on the
History of Hungary
Prehistory and early history
  • Hungarian prehistory
  • Hungary before the Hungarians
  • Roman Pannonia
  • Hungarian conquest
Middle Ages
Principality 895–1000
Medieval kingdom 1000–1538
Ottoman Wars 1366–1526
Early modern history
Habsburg kingdom 1538–1867
Eastern kingdom 1538–1570
Ottoman Hungary 1541–1699
Principality of Transylvania 1570–1711
Late modern period
Rákóczi's War 1703–1711
Revolution of 1848 1848–1849
Austria-Hungary 1867–1918
Lands of the Crown 1867–1918
World War I 1914–1918
Interwar period 1918–1941
Kingdom of Hungary 1920–1946
World War II 1941–1945
Contemporary history
Republic of Hungary 1946–1949
People's Republic 1949–1989
Revolution of 1956
Republic of Hungary since 1989
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Jews have a long history in the region now known as Hungary, with some records pre-dating the 895 AD Hungarian conquest of the area's Slavs by over 600 years. By the early 20th century, the community had grown to constitute 5% of Hungary's population and 23% of the population of the capital, Budapest. They became prominent in science, the arts and business. During the last few months of World War II, they suffered severely.

Under communist rule (1944–56), discrimination against the Jews remaining in Hungary continued. Zionism was banned and the number of Jews in the country shrank even further.

Today, between 50,000 and 100,000 Jews live in Hungary, mostly in Budapest, although official records indicate only 12,800 self-identified religious Jews. The inter-marriage rates for Jews is around 60%. There are many active synagogues in Hungary, including the Dohány Street Synagogue, the largest synagogue in Europe and the Eastern Hemisphere, and the second largest synagogue in the world after the Temple Emanu-El in New York City.

Read more about History Of The Jews In Hungary:  Earliest References Before 1095, Early History (1100–1300), Expulsion, Recall and Persecution (1349–1526), War Against The Ottomans (1526–1686), Toleration and Oppression (1790–1847), Struggles For A Second Emancipation (1859–1867), Family Names, 1890 / 1900 / 1910 Census Summaries, 1910 Census, Jewish Population As A Percentage of The Total in 1910, Interwar Statistics, Revolution, Communist Rule, Today, Historical Population (using Current Borders), Historical Core Jewish Population (using Current Borders)

Other articles related to "history of the jews in hungary, jews":

History Of The Jews In Europe - History - History of The Jews in Hungary - Religious Organizations
... were founded the largest group were the more modern congressional or neolog Jews, the very traditonal minded joined the orthodox movement, and the conservatives formed the ...
History Of The Jews In Hungary - Historical Core Jewish Population (using Current Borders)
... Jews as a % of the total Hungarian population since 1946 Year % Jewish 1910 6.19% 1920 5.93% 1930 5.12% 1941 4.30% 1946 2.21% 1951 1.38% 1960 0.80% 1970 ...

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