History of The Arab–Israeli Conflict - War of 1967

War of 1967

The background from which erupted the Six-Day War was caused by an erroneous information given to Nasser from the Soviet intelligence services that Israel was amassing troops near the Israeli-Syrian border. The state of conflict was also very tense after increased conflicts between Israel and Syria and Israel and Jordan - i.e. the Samu incident.

The fighting in the Six-Day War of 1967 began with a strike by Israel against Egypt and Syria following the breakdown of international diplomatic efforts to solve the crisis begun by the Egyptian closure of the Straits of Tiran on May 21–22, 1967 (thus "blocking all shipping to and from Eilat ... a casus belli" according to a possible interpretation of international law), expulsion of UNEF peacekeeping forces (UNEF II) from the Sinai Peninsula, and stationing of 100,000 Egyptian troops at the peninsula. The Israeli army had a potential strength, including the not fully mobilized reserves, of 264,000 troops. Surprise Israeli air strikes destroyed the entire Egyptian air force while it was still on the ground. A subsequent ground invasion into Egyptian territory led to Israel's conquest of the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula. In spite of Israel's request to Jordan to desist from attacking it, Jordan along with Syria began to shell Israeli targets. In addition, Hussein, reluctant at first, sent ineffective bomber strikes because of Nasser's requests and affirmation of a sound Egyptian victory. With the rapid and rather unexpected success on the Egyptian front, Israel decided to attack and successfully captured the West Bank from Jordan on June 7, and the Golan Heights from Syria on June 9.

Read more about this topic:  History Of The Arab–Israeli Conflict

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History Of The Arab–Israeli Conflict - War of 1967 - UN Resolution 242 and Peace Proposals
... Following the Six-Day War, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 242 which proposed a peaceful solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict ... by Israel, Jordan, and Egypt, but rejected by Syria until 1972-1973 and the Yom Kippur War ... Also, after the Israeli occupation of the West Bank following the war, Palestinian nationalism substantially increased ...

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