The early history of martial arts is difficult to reconstruct. Inherent patterns of human aggression which inspire practice of mock combat (in particular wrestling) and optimization of serious close combat as cultural universals are doubtlessly inherited from the pre-human stage, and were made into an "art" from the earliest emergence of that concept. Indeed, many universals of martial art are fixed by the specifics of human physiology and not dependent on a specific tradition or era.
Specific martial arts traditions become identifiable in Classical Antiquity, with disciplines such as Gladiatorial combat, Greek wrestling, Pankration, or those described in the Indian epics or the Spring and Autumn Annals of China. In modern times, these traditional roots were often used to legitimize invented traditions which were in fact quite new.
Other articles related to "history of martial arts, martial art, of martial arts, martial arts":
... The reconstruction of a martial art as practiced in a specific period is distinct from the practice of a traditional martial art handed down by way of master-stu ... The largest movement of martial arts reconstruction is the Historical European Martial Arts revival (HEMA), gaining momentum since the late 1990s ... Gumdo, developed in the 1980s) and Sikh martial arts (as proposed by Niddar Singh since 2002) ...
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