Emperor Wu of Han favored Confucianism and made it as the national educational doctrine. In 124 bc, the Taixue was set up to turn out civil servants for the state, which taught the Five Classics of Confucianism. The traditional Chinese attitude towards education followed Mencius's advice that "Those who labor with their minds govern others; those who labor with their strength are governed by others." Students selected by the magistrates from the provinces could study for a chance to gain a government post upon mastering a classic. By 25 CE, the Taixue had an enrollment of 30,000 students, 7,000 faculty, 240 buildings, and 1,850 rooms. Confucian scholars set up their private schools as well.
Meanwhile art school Pear Garden appeared in early 8th century, and in 1178 national military school Wu Xue (zh:武学) was set up.
Read more about this topic: History Of Education In China
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Famous quotes containing the words era and/or han:
“...I had grown up in a world that was dominated by immature age. Not by vigorous immaturity, but by immaturity that was old and tired and prudent, that loved ritual and rubric, and was utterly wanting in curiosity about the new and the strange. Its era has passed away, and the world it made has crumbled around us. Its finest creation, a code of manners, has been ridiculed and discarded.”
—Ellen Glasgow (18731945)
“Certes this dream, which ye han met tonight,
Cometh of the great superfluity
Of your redde colera,”
—Geoffrey Chaucer (1340?1400)