History of Antisemitism - Middle Ages

Middle Ages

There was continuing hostility to Judaism from the late Roman period into medieval times. During the Middle Ages in Europe there was a full-scale persecution of Jews in many places, with blood libels, expulsions, forced conversions and killings. In the 12th century, there were Christians who believed that some, or possibly all, of the Jews possessed magical powers and had gained these powers from making a pact with the devil. Judensau images began to appear in Germany.

The persecution of the Jews in Europe reached a climax during the Crusades. At the time of the First Crusade, in 1096, a German Crusade destroyed flourishing Jewish communities on the Rhine and the Danube. In the Second Crusade in 1147, the Jews in France were the victims of frequent killings and atrocities. The Jews were also subjected to attacks during the Shepherds' Crusades of 1251 and 1320. Following these crusades, Jews were subject to expulsions, including, in 1290, the banishing of all English Jews. In 1396, 100,000 Jews were expelled from France and in 1421, thousands were expelled from Austria. Many of those expelled fled to Poland.

As the Black Death plague swept across Europe in the mid-14th century, annihilating more than half of the population, Jews often became the scapegoats. Rumors spread that they had caused this epidemic by deliberately poisoning wells. Hundreds of Jewish communities were destroyed by the ensuing hatred and violence. Pope Clement VI tried to protect Jews by a papal bull dated July 6, 1348, and by an additional bull soon afterwards, but several months later, 900 Jews were burnt alive in Strasbourg, where the plague had not yet affected the city.

Read more about this topic:  History Of Antisemitism

Other articles related to "middle ages, ages":

Varennes, Somme - History - Middle Ages
... Florent de Varennes, lord of Varennes, son-in-law of John II, Count of Soissons, became the first Admiral of France, heading the naval journey to North Africa, where Saint Louis IX led the Eighth Crusade ... Like the King and Prince John Tristan of France, Count of Valois, he died in front of Tunis in August 1270, due to dysentery ...
Middle Ages - Modern Image
... Further information Dark Ages (historiography) The medieval period is frequently caricatured as supposedly a "time of ignorance and superstition" which placed "t ... world as a time of high culture and civilization, and saw the Middle Ages as a decline from that culture ... Enlightenment scholars saw reason as superior to faith, and thus viewed the Middle Ages as a time of ignorance and superstition ...
History of Reicholzheim - Reicholzheim in The Middle Ages
... In the Middle Ages Reicholzheim had different names Reicholtsheim, Reichelsheim, Richolfsheim and Richolvesheim ... Thus the sovereignty over Reicholzheim in the Middle Ages changed again and again between the count von Wertheim and the monastery Bronnbach that to the diocese of Wuerzburg ...
Boal - History - Middle Ages
... Little is known about the history of Boal at the beginning of the Middle Ages, during the asturian monarchy ... The fights between the bishops of Oviedo and Lugo for the territories located between the rivers Navia and Eo came to an end by means of an agreement promoted by the king Alfonso VII ...

Famous quotes related to middle ages:

    In the middle ages people were tourists because of their religion, whereas now they are tourists because tourism is their religion.
    Robert Runcie (b. 1921)