The High Court of Australia is the supreme court in the Australian court hierarchy and the final court of appeal in Australia. It has both original and appellate jurisdiction, has the power of judicial review over laws passed by the Parliament of Australia and the parliaments of the States, and interprets the Constitution of Australia.
The High Court is mandated by Constitution section 71, which vests in it the judicial power of the Commonwealth of Australia. The Court was constituted by, and its first members were appointed under, the Judiciary Act 1903. It now operates under Constitution sections 71 to 75, the Judiciary Act and the High Court of Australia Act 1979. It is composed of seven Justices: the Chief Justice of Australia, currently Robert French, and six other Justices. They are appointed by the Governor-General of Australia, on the advice of the federal government, and must retire at age 70.
The High Court has been located since 1980 in Canberra, Australian Capital Territory. The majority of its sittings are held there—in the High Court building, situated in the Parliamentary Triangle and overlooking Lake Burley Griffin. Sittings are also held in the State capitals, mostly in Melbourne, Victoria or Sydney, New South Wales, and increasing use is made of video links.
... The High Court dismissed the appeal, finding that a conviction for perjury would inevitably controvert Carroll's previous acquittal for murder and was thus inconsistent ... The High Court also ruled that this principle applied whether or not substantial new evidence had come to light, overruling Queensland authority to that effect ...
... Thirteen were from Victoria, six from Queensland and three from Western Australia ... No Justices have been residents of South Australia or Tasmania, or any of the territories ... He also remains the only High Court Justice from a non Anglo-Celtic background ...
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“I like Australia less and less. The hateful newness, the democratic conceit, every man a little pope of perfection.”
—D.H. (David Herbert)
“She stood breast high amid the corn,
Claspd by the golden light of morn,”
—Thomas Hood (17991845)
“I know one husband and wife who, whatever the official reasons given to the court for the break up of their marriage, were really divorced because the husband believed that nobody ought to read while he was talking and the wife that nobody ought to talk while she was reading.”
—Vera Brittain (18931970)