Hereditary Education Policy

Hereditary Education Policy

The Modified Scheme of Elementary Education or New Scheme of Elementary Education or Madras Scheme of Elementary Education dubbed by its critics as Kula Kalvi Thittam (Hereditary Education Policy) (Tamil: குலக் கல்வித் திட்டம்), was an abortive attempt at education reform introduced by the Indian National Congress Government of the Madras State, led by C. Rajagopalachari (Rajaji) in 1953. The scheme proposed the introduction of two shifts or sessions in elementary schools. In one session regular teaching would be done and during the second session, the students would be sent home to learn the occupations of their parents. It became controversial and was accused of being a casteist scheme to perpetuate the caste hierarchy. The opposition to the scheme was led by the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK). Public opposition and internal dissent within the congress led to the deferment of the scheme. The discontent it triggered among the Congress legislature members forced the resignation of Rajaji as Chief Minister. The scheme was dropped completely by Rajaji's successor Kamaraj in 1954.

Read more about Hereditary Education Policy:  Background, Earlier Attempts At Change, Reasons Stated For The Reform Attempt, Proposals in The New Scheme, Implementation, Opposition, Deferment, Parulekar Committee, Cancellation, Criticism, Defense and Endorsements, Legacy

Other articles related to "hereditary education policy, education, education policy, policy":

Hereditary Education Policy - Legacy
... The Modified Scheme of Elementary Education even after being dropped had the unintended consequence of bringing primary education to hundreds of thousands of school children in Tamil Nadu ... of the fact that it was the issue of primary education that caused his predecessor's downfall ... opposite approach in providing education to Tamil Nadu's children - imparting free and compulsory education till the age of 14 ...
Periyar E. V. Ramasamy And The Eradication Of Caste - Hereditary Education Policy
... In 1952, Rajaji introduced a new education policy based on family vocation which its opponents dubbed Kula Kalvi Thittam (Hereditary Education Policy) ... As per this policy, schools will work in the morning and students had to compulsorily learn the family vocation of their caste in the afternoon ...

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