Henry IV Of France
Henry IV (13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), Henri-Quatre, was King of Navarre (as Henry III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610. He was the first monarch of the Bourbon branch of the Capetian dynasty in France.
Baptised Catholic, he converted to Protestantism along with his mother Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre. He inherited the throne of Navarre, in 1572, on the death of his mother. As a Huguenot, Henry was involved in the Wars of Religion; he barely escaped the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre and later led Protestant forces against the French Royal Army.
As a prince du sang by his father, Antoine de Bourbon, he was also the natural heir to the throne of France. On the death of the childless Henry III, he ascended the throne of France in 1589, but had to abjure his Calvinist faith. However, his coronation was followed by a four-year war against the Catholic League to establish his legitimacy.
One of the most popular French kings, both during and after his reign, Henry showed great care for the welfare of his subjects and, as a politique, displayed an unusual religious tolerance for the time. He notably enacted the Edict of Nantes, in 1598, which guaranteed religious liberties to the Protestants, thereby effectively ending the civil war. He was assassinated by François Ravaillac, a fanatical Catholic.
Other articles related to "henry iv of france, henry, of france, iv":
... On 18 August 1572, Henry married his second cousin Margaret of Valois their childless marriage was annulled in 1599. 1600 produced six children Name Birth Death Notes Louis XIII, King of France 27 September 14 ... May 1643 Married Anne of Austria in 1615 ... Spain 22 November 6 ... October 1644 Married Philip IV, King of Spain, in 1615 ...
... and diplomat Jakob Bartsch of Lusatia (1600–1633), astronomer François de Bassompierre of France (1579–1646), courtier and Marshal of France Robert Bellarmine (1542 ... of England (1574–1649), explorer and geographer Pierre Dupuy of France (1582–1651), scholar Mar Elia Shimun X, Patriarch of the Chaldean Catholic Church (Patriarchate then based in ... Spanish Prince (Infante), and Cardinal Ferdinand IV, Archduke of Austria (1608–1657), Habsburg Prince and future Holy Roman Emperor Domenico Fetti of Rome (1589–1623), painter Fidelis of ...
Famous quotes containing the words france and/or henry:
“It is not what France gave you but what it did not take from you that was important.”
—Gertrude Stein (18741946)
“A straw vote only shows which way the hot air blows.”
—O. Henry [William Sydney Porter] (18621910)