Heavy Cruiser

The heavy cruiser was a type of cruiser, a naval warship designed for long range and high speed, armed generally with naval guns of roughly 203mm calibre (8 inches in caliber) and displacing approximately 10,000 tons. While the general mission of the heavy cruiser to act as a fast scout for a battle fleet and protect and hunt down commerce was largely unchanged from the days of sail, its design parameters were dictated by the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930.

The heavy cruiser can be seen as a lineage of ship design from 1915 until 1945, although the term 'heavy cruiser' only came into formal use in 1930. The heavy cruiser's immediate precursors were the light cruiser designs of the 1900s and 1910s, rather than the armoured cruisers of before 1905. When the armoured cruiser was supplanted by the battlecruiser, an intermediate ship type between this and the light cruiser was found to be needed—one larger and more powerful than the light cruisers of a potential enemy but not as large and expensive as the battlecruiser so as to be built in sufficient numbers to protect merchant ships and serve in a number of combat theaters.

Read more about Heavy Cruiser:  1910s: Development, 1920s: Washington Treaty, 1930s: London Treaty, 1940s: World War II

Other articles related to "heavy cruiser, heavy cruisers, cruisers, heavy, cruiser":

Heavy Cruiser - 1940s: World War II
... Heavy cruisers were still being built, and they could be balanced designs when nations decided to skirt the restrictions imposed by the London Naval Treaty ... The Germans built their Hipper class heavy cruisers of 14,000 tons, although the Anglo-German Naval Agreement was supposed to limit their shipbuilding ... The US built the Baltimore class of heavy cruisers during the war ...
August Thiele
... Kriegsmarine during World War II and commander of the heavy cruiser "Lützow" ... received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross for his command of the heavy cruiser Lützow and his leadership of Kampfgruppe V (5th battle group) during ... With the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen, Admiral Hipper, Admiral Scheer and Lützow, and the ships of the line Schlesien and Schleswig-Holstein and the light cruisers Emden, Köln ...
Henderson Field (Midway) - History - USAAF During The Battle of Midway
... was ordered to attack this "main body." This Japanese force, consisting of 2 or 3 heavy cruisers and about 30 other ships, including destroyers, transports, and cargo vessels, had evidently been ... scored on several Japanese vessels, with one heavy cruiser, one transport and three other ships left burning, however antiaircraft fire, although ... from the 42d Bomb Squadron arrived on Midway to reinforce the heavy bomber contingent ...
List Of World War II Ship Classes - T
... Japan destroyer 1919-22 1,289 14 completed Tacoma US frigate 1,400 96 Takao Japan heavy cruiser 1930-31 9,850 4 Taiyō Japan escort aircraft carrier 1939-40 20,000 3 Tambor ...
List Of Ships Sunk By The Imperial Japanese Navy - Netherlands
... HNLMS De Ruyter Dutch light cruiser sunk 27 February 1942 by torpedo from heavy cruiser Haguro during Battle of the Java Sea ... HNLMS Java Dutch light cruiser sunk 27 February 1942 by torpedo from heavy cruiser Nachi during Battle of Java Sea ... HNLMS Kortenaer Sunk by torpedo fired by heavy cruiser Haguro during Battle of the Java Sea ...

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    Felicia Dorothea Hemans (1783–1835)