The First Hannibal Bridge was the first bridge to cross the Missouri River and was to establish Kansas City, Missouri as a major city and rail center.
Construction started in 1867, shortly after the end of the American Civil War. Construction on the bridge was completed in 1869. The completion of the bridge came after a short battle between Leavenworth, Kansas and the town of Kansas City for the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad bridge.
After construction was completed, the population of Kansas City began to boom.
It was designed by Octave Chanute, who also designed the Kansas City Stockyards. It was a swing bridge which could open in under two minutes, and it had an arched truss design. The bridge cost $1 million to build in its day.
The bridge was built by the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad. Although the railroad became part of the BNSF Railway, the name "Hannibal" has stuck.
In 1886, the bridge was severely damaged by a tornado which collapsed a middle span. It was reconstructed and its truss structure was altered from an arch design to a traditional truss design. It was later replaced by the Second Hannibal Bridge 200 feet upstream, where it still stands today.
Other articles related to "bridges, hannibal bridge, bridge":
... The piers of bridges were battered by debris and whole farmhouses which had been swept downstream ... The Hannibal Bridge and A.S.B ... Bridge were the only two highway bridges still operating ...
... The second Hannibal Bridge is a rail bridge over the Missouri River in Kansas City, Missouri connecting Jackson County, Missouri with Clay County, Missouri ... Opened in 1917, the bridge replaced the original Hannibal Bridge which crossed the river about 200 feet downstream ... There are two decks on the bridge the lower deck carried the railroad and the upper was for vehicular traffic ...
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