Gustav Mahler

Gustav Mahler ( ; 7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was a late-Romantic Austrian composer and one of the leading conductors of his generation. He was born in the village of Kalischt, Bohemia, in what was then the Austrian Empire, now Kaliště in the Czech Republic. Then his family moved to nearby Iglau (now Jihlava) where Mahler grew up.

As a composer, he acted as a bridge between the 19th-century Austro-German tradition and the modernism of the early 20th century. While in his lifetime his status as a conductor was established beyond question, his own music gained wide popularity only after periods of relative neglect which included a ban on its performance in much of Europe during the Nazi era. After 1945 the music was discovered and championed by a new generation of listeners; Mahler then became one of the most frequently performed and recorded of all composers, a position he has sustained into the 21st century.

Born in humble circumstances, Mahler displayed his musical gifts at an early age. After graduating from the Vienna Conservatory in 1878, he held a succession of conducting posts of rising importance in the opera houses of Europe, culminating in his appointment in 1897 as director of the Vienna Court Opera (Hofoper). During his ten years in Vienna, Mahler—who had converted to Catholicism from Judaism to secure the post—experienced regular opposition and hostility from the anti-Semitic press. Nevertheless, his innovative productions and insistence on the highest performance standards ensured his reputation as one of the greatest of opera conductors, particularly as an interpreter of the stage works of Wagner and Mozart. Late in his life he was briefly director of New York's Metropolitan Opera and the New York Philharmonic.

Mahler's œuvre is relatively small in size though extremely wide in scope, depth and complexity. For much of his life composing was necessarily a part-time activity while he earned his living as a conductor, but he devoted as much time as he could to his compositions, faithfully reserving his summer months for intense periods of creative concentration, supplemented as time permitted during his active concert seasons with the tasks of editing and orchestrating his expansive works. Aside from early works such as a movement from a piano quartet composed when he was a student in Vienna, Mahler's works are designed for large orchestral forces, symphonic choruses and operatic soloists. Most of his twelve symphonic scores are very large-scale works, often employing vocal soloists and choruses in addition to augmented orchestral forces. These works were often controversial when first performed, and several were slow to receive critical and popular approval; exceptions included his Symphony No. 2, Symphony No. 3, and the triumphant premiere of his Eighth Symphony in 1910. Some of Mahler's immediate musical successors included the composers of the Second Viennese School, notably Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg and Anton Webern. Shostakovich and Benjamin Britten are among later 20th-century composers who admired and were influenced by Mahler. The International Gustav Mahler Institute was established in 1955, to honour the composer's life and work.

Read more about Gustav MahlerNotes and References

Other articles related to "gustav mahler, mahler":

List Of Choral Symphonies
2 in C minor, Resurrection, by Gustav Mahler (1894) Symphony No. 3 in D minor, by Gustav Mahler (1896) Symphony No. 8 in E-flat major, by Gustav Mahler (1907) * A Sea Symphony (Symphony No ...
Symphony No. 2 (Mahler) - Text - Fifth Movement
... Mahler omitted the final four lines of this poem and wrote the rest himself (beginning at "O glaube") ... in einem Nu! Was du geschlagen zu Gott wird es dich tragen! —Gustav Mahler In English Rise again, yes, rise again, Will you My dust, After a brief rest! Immortal life ... which you suffered, To God will it lead you! —Gustav Mahler In French Tu renaîtras à nouveau, oui, renaîtras à nouveau Ma poussière, Après un bref repos ...
Richard Stöhr
... He even introduced me to Mahler and in general did everything for me that I wished and what could only be an advantage for me ... a new kind of music by composers such as Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahler, Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg, Eric Korngold and many others ... We discussed the music of Gustav Mahler ...
Daniel Nazareth - Career
... Nazareth collaborated on the New Critical Edition of Gustav Mahler's 5th Symphony, commissioned by the International Gustav Mahler Society, Vienna ... premiere recording of Respighi’s Sinfonia Drammatica, Mahler’s Symphony N° 1, Beethoven’s Mass in C op ... Leipzig, including Beethoven’s Missa Solemnis and Mass in C, Bruckner’s Te Deum, Mahler’s Symphony N° 10, Mozart’s Requiem and Orff’s Carmina Burana ...

Famous quotes containing the word mahler:

    I seemed intent on making it as difficult for myself as possible to pursue my “male” career goal. I not only procrastinated endlessly, submitting my medical school application at the very last minute, but continued to crave a conventional female role even as I moved ahead with my “male” pursuits.
    —Margaret S. Mahler (1897–1985)