Group Hopf Algebra - Definition

Definition

Let G be an arbitrary group and k a field. The group Hopf algebra of G over k, denoted kG (or k), is as a set (and vector space) the free vector space on G over k. As an algebra, its product is defined by linear extension of the group composition in G, with multiplicative unit the identity in G; this product is also known as convolution.

Note that while the group algebra of a finite group can be identified with the space of functions on the group, for an infinite group these are different. The group algebra, consisting of finite sums, corresponds to functions on the group that vanish for cofinitely many points; topologically (using the discrete topology), these correspond to functions with compact support.

However, the group algebra k and the space of function kG := Hom(G,k) are dual: given an element of the group algebra and a function on the group these pair to give an element of k via which is a well-defined sum because it is finite.

Read more about this topic:  Group Hopf Algebra

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