Gordon Brown

Gordon Brown

James Gordon Brown (born 20 February 1951) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Labour Party from 2007 until 2010. He previously served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Labour Government from 1997 to 2007, becoming the longest-serving holder of that office in modern history. Brown has been a Member of Parliament (MP) since 1983, currently for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath.

Brown became Prime Minister on 27 June 2007, after the resignation of Tony Blair and three days after becoming Leader of the governing Labour Party. His tenure ended on 11 May 2010, when he resigned as Prime Minister and Leader of the Labour Party. Brown was one of only three people to serve in the Cabinet continuously from Labour's victory in 1997 until its defeat in 2010, the others being Jack Straw and Alistair Darling.

Brown has a PhD in history from the University of Edinburgh and spent his early career working as a lecturer at a further education college and a television journalist. He entered Parliament in 1983; first as the MP for Dunfermline East and since 2005 for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath. As Prime Minister, he also held the offices of First Lord of the Treasury and the Minister for the Civil Service.

Brown's time as Chancellor was marked by major reform of Britain's monetary and fiscal policy architecture, transferring interest rate setting powers to the Bank of England, by a wide extension of the powers of the Treasury to cover much domestic policy and by transferring responsibility for banking supervision to the Financial Services Authority. Controversial moves included the abolition of advance corporation tax (ACT) relief in his first budget, and the removal in his final budget of the 10% "starting rate" of personal income tax which he had introduced in 1999.

After initial rises in opinion polls following Brown's selection as leader, Labour's popularity declined with the onset of a recession in 2008, leading to poor results in the local and European elections in 2009. A year later, Labour lost 91 seats in the House of Commons at the 2010 general election, the party's biggest loss of seats in a single general election since 1931, giving the Conservative Party a plurality and resulting in a hung parliament. On 10 May 2010, Brown announced he would stand down as leader of the Labour Party, and instructed the party to put into motion the processes to elect a new leader. On 11 May 2010, Brown officially resigned as Prime Minister and Leader of the Labour Party. He was succeeded as Prime Minister by David Cameron, and on 25 September 2010, he was succeeded as Leader of the Labour Party by Ed Miliband.

Read more about Gordon BrownEarly Life and Career Before Parliament, Election To Parliament and Opposition, Chancellor of The Exchequer, Run-up To Succeeding Tony Blair, Prime Minister, Personal Life and Family, Religion, Socialism, Publications

Other articles related to "gordon brown, brown, gordon":

Gordon Brown - Publications
... Brown, Gordon (2010) ... Brown, Gordon (2010) ... Brown, Gordon (2007) ...
Labour Party (UK) Leadership Election, 2007 - Candidates and Results of Nominations
... John McDonnell and Gordon Brown were the only candidates as the election process began with the nominations round ... Gordon Brown, the only successfully nominated candidate, was declared leader at a special Labour conference on 24 June 2007 ... Gordon Brown, Chancellor of the Exchequer, long the favourite candidate to succeed Tony Blair, received 313 nominations and was successfully nominated. ...
Spencer Livermore
... After graduating, Livermore worked for Gordon Brown, then Labour’s Shadow Chancellor, during the 1997 General Election campaign in which the Labour Party under the leadership of Tony Blair returned to power ... the Treasury, working as a key political aide to Gordon Brown, who was then Chancellor of the Exchequer ... Livermore helped run the 2005 General Election campaign, acting as Brown's campaign strategist, and working closely with Philip Gould, after which Livermore ...
Gordon Brown (disambiguation) - Other
... Gordie Brown, actor who plays Mr Jones in the Canadian television drama Twice in a Lifetime (TV series) Gordon Browne (1858–1932), English artist and children's book illustrator Gordon S ... Brown, (1907–1996), Australian-born professor of electrical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Gordon Brown, a popular name for a highball made of gin ... Gordon Brown (American football) (1879–1911), captain of the 1900 Yale football team ...
Blair-Brown Government - Third Term (2005–2007) - Resignation As Labour Party Leader and Prime Minister
... His successor was widely expected to be Gordon Brown, the then Chancellor of the Exchequer, who launched his leadership bid on 11 May 2007 ... He further encouraged Gordon Brown as his successor as leader of the Labour Party ... Gordon Brown was duly elected Labour leader as the only successfully nominated candidate with 313 nominations compared to John McDonnell's 29 at close of nominations on 17 May 2007 ...

Famous quotes containing the words brown and/or gordon:

    They killed the man I was. All that’s left is the will to hate and to destroy.
    —Karl Brown (1897–1990)

    The English winter—ending in July,
    To recommence in August.
    —George Gordon Noel Byron (1788–1824)