Glycol cleavage is a specific type of organic chemistry oxidation. The carbon–carbon bond in a vicinal diol (glycol) is cleaved and replaced with two carbon–oxygen double bonds. Depending on the substitution pattern in the diol, either ketones or aldehydes may be formed.
Glycol cleavage is an important reaction in the laboratory because it is useful for determining the structures of sugars. After cleavage takes place the ketone and aldehyde fragments can be inspected and the location of the former hydroxyl groups ascertained.
Other articles related to "glycol cleavage, glycol":
... are the most common reagents used for glycol cleavage ... potassium permanganate (KMnO4) will react with an alkene to form a glycol and will then immediately cleave the glycol to give stable ketones or oxidizable aldehydes ... keep the reaction from continuing past the formation of the glycol ...
Famous quotes containing the word cleavage:
“Jesus abolished the very concept of guiltMhe denied any cleavage between God and man. He lived this unity of God and man as his glad tidings ... and not as a prerogative!”
—Friedrich Nietzsche (18441900)