Globoside Alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase

In enzymology, a globoside alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.88) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine + N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-1,3-D-galactosyl-1,4-D-galactosyl-1,4-D- glucosylceramide UDP + N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-1,3-D- galactosyl-1,4-D-galactosyl-1,4-D-glucosylceramide

The 3 substrates of this enzyme are UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine, N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-1,3-D-galactosyl-1,4-D-galactosyl-1,4-D-, and glucosylceramide, whereas its 3 products are UDP, N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-1,3-D-, and galactosyl-1,4-D-galactosyl-1,4-D-glucosylceramide.

This enzyme belongs to the family of glycosyltransferases, specifically the hexosyltransferases. The systematic name of this enzyme class is UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyl-1,3-D-galacto syl-1,4-D-galactosyl-1,4-D-glucosylceramide alpha-N-acetyl-D-galactosaminyltransferase. Other names in common use include uridine diphosphoacetylgalactosamine-globoside, alpha-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase, Forssman synthase, and globoside acetylgalactosaminyltransferase. This enzyme participates in glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - globoseries and glycan structures - biosynthesis 2.