Gladius

Gladius (Latin: glădĭus) was one Latin word for sword (shorter than a spatha, or cavalry sword) and is used to represent the primary sword of Ancient Roman foot soldiers. Early ancient Roman swords were similar to those used by the Greeks. From the 3rd century BC, the Romans adopted swords similar to those used by the Celtiberians and others during the early part of the conquest of Hispania. This sword was known as the Gladius Hispaniensis, or "Hispanic Sword". It was thought that they were similar to the later Mainz types, but the evidence now suggests otherwise. Rather, these early blades followed a slightly different pattern, being longer and narrower, and were probably those that Polybius considered good for both cut and thrust. Later Gladii are referred to as the Mainz, Fulham, and Pompeii types. In the late Roman period, Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus refers to swords called semispathae (or semispathia) and spathae, for both of which he appears to consider gladius an appropriate term.

A fully equipped Roman legionary was armed with a shield (scutum), several javelins (pila), a sword (gladius), often a dagger (pugio), and perhaps darts (plumbatae). Conventionally, the javelins would be thrown to disable shields of enemies before engaging the enemy, at which point the gladius would be drawn. The soldier generally led with his shield and thrust with his sword. All types of gladius appear to have also been suitable for cutting and chopping motions as well as for thrusting.

Read more about Gladius:  Name, Predecessors and Origins, Manufacture, Description, Types

Other articles related to "gladius":

Gladius - Types
... the three primary kinds are known as the Mainz gladius, the Fulham gladius, and the Pompeii gladius (these names refer to where or how the canonical example ... More recent archaeological finds have uncovered an earlier version, the Gladius Hispaniensis ("Hispanic sword") ... Descriptions of the main types follow Gladius Hispaniensis Used from no later than 200 BC until 20 BC ...
Tusoteuthis
... longa, has been identified so far, and examination of gladius remains has yielded an estimated mantle length close to or equal to that of the modern giant squid ... salmonid, Cimolichthys nepaholica, was found with the gladius of T ... The back portion of the gladius was in the stomach region, while the mouth of C ...
Roman Military Personal Equipment - Personal Weapons - Gladius
... Gladius is the general Latin word for "sword" ... In the Roman Republic, the term 'Gladius Hispaniensis' (Spanish Sword) referred (and refers today) specifically to the short sword, 50 cm-60 cm (24 inches ... kinds of swords are known as the Mainz gladius, and the Pompeii gladius which follows the Mainz type, which had itself followed the 'Hispaniensis' (these names refer to where or how the ...
Gladiator (Hercules: The Legendary Journeys) - Plot Synopsis
... Hercules and Iolaus rescue a woman, who is being harassed by a gang of men, Gladius is preparing to go back into the arena to fight against a lion ... Back at the arena, Gladius returns to his cell wounded after killing the lion, Leutis tends his wounds ... Once in prison, the two men set about finding Gladius, meanwhile the slaves are put to work in the quarry ...
Gladius (disambiguation)
... The word gladius can mean Gladius, a Roman sword Gladius (cephalopod), a hard internal bodypart found in certain cephalopods Gladius (video game), a tactical role-playing video game Suzuki SFV650 Gladius ...