Georgians

The Georgians (Georgian: ქართველები, kartvelebi ) are a Caucasian ethnic group that are indigenous to Georgia, where they constitute a majority of the population. Large Georgian communities are also present throughout Russia, the European Union, United States, and South America.

The majority of Georgians are Eastern Orthodox Christian and most follow the national autocephalous Georgian Orthodox Church, which originated in the 4th century. There are also Georgian Catholic and Muslim communities in Tbilisi and Adjara.

A complex process of nation formation has resulted in a diverse set of geographic subgroups, each with its characteristic traditions, manners, dialect and, in the case of Mingrelians and Svans, language. The Georgian language, with its own alphabet and extensive written tradition going back to the 5th century, is the official language of Georgia as well as the language of literacy and education of all Georgians living in the country. Georgian, Mingrelian and Svan, together with Laz spoken by the related Laz people form the Kartvelian language family.

Located in Caucasia at the southeastern edge of Europe, the Georgian people have fought to protect their Christian identity in the face of immense pressure from the neighboring Muslim empires. By the early 11th century they formed a unified kingdom which emerged as a dominant regional power until it was weakened by the invasions of the Turco-Mongol conqueror Timur and by internal divisions following the death of George V the Brilliant, the last of the great kings of Georgia. To ensure its survival as a Christian kingdom, the country was soon forced to forge an alliance with the Russian Empire, which was viewed as a replacement for the fallen Eastern Roman Empire, Georgia's traditional ally. Eventually being united with Russia in 1801, Georgians briefly regained national independence from 1918 to 1921, and finally, in 1991 from the Soviet Union.

Read more about GeorgiansEtymology, Origins, Appearance, Genetics, Linguistic Subdivisions

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Society For The Spreading Of Literacy Among Georgians
... for the Spreading of Literacy Among Georgians (Georgian ... throughout the country trained teachers and sponsored Georgian press ... The organization, tolerated by the imperial authorities, involved virtually all active Georgian men of letters, several philanthropists and officials, and was instrumental in Georgian ...
Background Of The 2008 South Ossetia War - Participants - Abkhazia
... Political posts were given to Georgians, and mass immigrations of non-Abkhaz peoples ensued, diluting the Abkhaz community to a meager 18% of Abkhazia's overall population by ... of Abkhazia's administration, the control of ethnic Georgians likewise decreasing, and by the 1980s the Abkhaz filled 67% of the government's minister positions and 71% of the Oblast committee department ... Growing prominence of the Abkhaz people angered Georgians living in Abkhazia who claimed they were being denied privileges ...
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... In Georgia, the slogan Abkhazia is Georgia was also used, although Georgia for Georgians was the more popular ... the abolition of autonomy for Abkhazia and South Ossetia and Gamsakhurdia told West Georgians in an address that he planned to assimilate or oust Abkhazians ... Kvarchelia claims his policies found little criticism in the Georgian community, rather the image painted by Gamsakhurdia of an enemy united Georgian ...
Languages Of Georgia (country) - Etymology
... Ethnic Georgians call themselves Kartvelebi (ქართველები), their land Sakartvelo (საქართველო – meaning "a land of Kartvelians ... According to the ancient Georgian Chronicles, the ancestor of the Kartvelians was Kartlos, the great grandson of the Biblical Japheth ... specifies an inhabitant of the core central-eastern Georgian region of Kartli, or Iberia as it is known in sources of Eastern Roman Empire ...
Georgians - Linguistic Subdivisions
... Georgian Alphabet ... of Colchis, but later lost importance as the unified Georgian Kingdom emerged ... of the east an official language of the Georgian monarch ...