Geography of The Falkland Islands

Geography Of The Falkland Islands

The Falkland Islands are located in the South Atlantic Ocean between 51°S and 53°S on a projection of the Patagonian Shelf. In ancient geological time this shelf was part of Gondwana, which around 400 million years ago broke from what is now Africa and drifted westwards relative to Africa. Today the islands are subjected to the Roaring Forties, winds that shape both their geography and climate.

The Falklands comprise two main islands, West Falkland and East Falkland (in Spanish Isla Gran Malvina and Isla Soledad respectively), and about 776 small islands.

Read more about Geography Of The Falkland Islands:  Geology, Topological Description, Climate, Flora and Fauna, Human Geography

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Geography Of The Falkland Islands - Human Geography - Impact of Human Activity
... Many breeding birds similarly only live on offshore islands, where introduced animals such as cats and rats are not found ... Virtually the entire area of the islands is used as pasture for sheep ... There is also an introduced reindeer population, which was brought to the islands in 2001 for commercial purposes ...

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