Geography of Iraq

Geography Of Iraq

The geography of Iraq is diverse and falls into four main regions: the desert (west of the Euphrates), Upper Mesopotamia (between the upper Tigris and Euphratesh rivers), the northern highlands of Iraqi Kurdistan, and Lower Mesopotamia, the alluvial plain extending from around Tikrit to the Persian Gulf.

The mountains in the northeast are an extension of the alpine system that runs eastward from the Balkans through southern Turkey, northern Iraq, Iran, and Afghanistan, eventually reaching the Himalayas. The desert is in the southwest and central provinces along the borders with Saudi Arabia and Jordan and geographically belongs with the Arabian Peninsula.

Iraq holds a special distinction in the history of geography: a clay tablet generally accepted as "the earliest known map" was unearthed in 1930 during the excavation of Ga-Sur at Nuzi Yorghan Tepe, near the towns of Harran and Kirkuk, 200 miles (322 km) north of the site of Babylon. The tablet, measuring 6.8 in × 7.6 in (173 mm × 193 mm), is usually dated from the dynasty of Sargon of Akkad between 2500-2300 BC; an even earlier date for the tablet was promulgated by archeologist Leo Bagrow, placing it in the Agade Period (3800 BC).

Read more about Geography Of Iraq:  Major Geographical Features, Tigris-Euphrates River System, Settlement Patterns, Climate, Area and Boundaries, Resources and Land Use, Environmental Concerns

Other articles related to "geography of iraq, of iraq":

Outline Of Iraq - Geography of Iraq - Regions of Iraq - Administrative Divisions of Iraq
... Regions of Iraq Provinces of Iraq Districts of Iraq Municipalities of Iraq ...
Geography Of Iraq - Environmental Concerns
... Environment - current issues government water control projects have drained most of the inhabited marsh areas east of An Nasiriyah by drying up or diverting the feeder streams and rivers a once sizable population of Shi'a Muslims, who have inhabited these areas for thousands of years, has been displaced furthermore, the destruction of the natural habitat poses serious threats to the area's wildlife populations inadequate supplies of potable water development of Tigris-Euphrates Rivers system contingent upon agreements with upstream riparian Turkey air and water pollution soil degradation (salination) and erosion and desertification ... Environment - international agreements party to Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban signed, but not ratified Environmental Modification Major ecoregions Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands (PA1303) Mesopotamian shrub desert (PA1320) Minor ecoregions Zagros Mountains forest steppe (PA0446) Middle East steppe (PA0812) Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous broadleaf forests (PA1207) South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert (PA1328) Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh (PA0906) Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert (PA1325) Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert (PA1323) ...

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