Pathology is the precise study and diagnosis of disease. The word pathology is from Ancient Greek πάθος, pathos, "feeling, suffering"; and -λογία, -logia, "the study of". Pathologization, to pathologize, refers to the process of defining a condition or behavior as pathological, e.g. pathological gambling. Pathologies is synonymous with diseases. The suffix "path" is used to indicate a disease, e.g. psychopath.
Pathology addresses four components of disease: cause/etiology, mechanisms of development (pathogenesis), structural alterations of cells (morphologic changes), and the consequences of changes (clinical manifestations).
Pathology is further separated into divisions, based on either the system being studied (e.g. veterinary pathology and animal disease) or the focus of the examination (e.g. forensic pathology and determining the cause of death).
Read more about General Pathology: History, Anatomical Pathology, Clinical Pathology, Dermatopathology, Hematopathology, Renal Pathology, Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Forensic Pathology, Veterinary Pathology, Plant Pathology, Molecular Pathology, General Pathology, Pathology As A Medical Specialty
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... Pathology is a core discipline of medical school and many pathologists are also teachers ... Although the medical practice of pathology grew out of the tradition of investigative pathology, most modern pathologists do not perform original research ... Pathology is a unique medical specialty ...
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